Posts Tagged ‘ubuntu’

Using ethtool to determine Ethernet link speed, not mii-tool

Thursday, February 3rd, 2011

mii-tool is a deprecated tool for checking the link speed of an Ethernet port.

Unfortunately, mii-tool is still distributed by default in the most recent Linux distributions like Ubuntu 10.10 as part of the net-tool package, while ethtool is not!

The main problem is that mii-tool is so old, it doesn’t even support Gigabit Ethernet.

Here is an example on a GigE port:

bash# /sbin/mii-tool
eth0: negotiated 100baseTx-FD, link ok
bash#
bash# /sbin/mii-tool -v
eth0: negotiated 100baseTx-FD, link ok
  product info: vendor 00:aa:00, model 57 rev 0
  basic mode:   autonegotiation enabled
  basic status: autonegotiation complete, link ok
  capabilities: 100baseTx-FD 100baseTx-HD 10baseT-FD 10baseT-HD
  advertising:  100baseTx-FD 100baseTx-HD 10baseT-FD 10baseT-HD flow-control
  link partner: 100baseTx-FD 100baseTx-HD 10baseT-FD 10baseT-HD
bash#

The ports are reported at 100 Mbps by mii-tool.

And ethtool finds the correct speed: 1000 Mbps:

bash# /sbin/ethtool eth0
Settings for eth0:
        Supported ports: [ TP ]
        Supported link modes:   10baseT/Half 10baseT/Full
                                100baseT/Half 100baseT/Full
                                1000baseT/Full
        Supports auto-negotiation: Yes
        Advertised link modes:  10baseT/Half 10baseT/Full
                                100baseT/Half 100baseT/Full
                                1000baseT/Full
        Advertised auto-negotiation: Yes
        Speed: 1000Mb/s
        Duplex: Full
        Port: Twisted Pair
        PHYAD: 1
        Transceiver: internal
        Auto-negotiation: on
        Supports Wake-on: umbg
        Wake-on: g
        Current message level: 0x00000003 (3)
        Link detected: yes
bash#

Looking closer at the manpage of mii-tool, it dates back to 2004, and doesn’t list 1000 as a supported media:

MII-TOOL(8) MII-TOOL(8)

NAME
mii-tool – view, manipulate media-independent interface status

SYNOPSIS
mii-tool [-v, --verbose] [-V, --version] [-R, --reset] [-r, --restart] [-w, --watch] [-l, --log] [-A, --advertise=media,...] [-F, --force=media] [interface ...]

DESCRIPTION
This utility checks or sets the status of a network interface’s Media Independent Interface (MII) unit. Most fast ethernet adapters use an MII to autonegotiate link speed and duplex setting.

Most intelligent ne
capabilities. Some
force the MII to operate in one mode, instead of autonegotiating. The -A and -F options are mutually exclusive.

The default short output reports the negotiated link speed and link status for each interface. If an interface or interfaces are not specified on the command line, then mii-tool will check any available interfaces from eth0 through eth7.

OPTIONS
-v, –verbose
Display more detailed MII status information. If used twice, also display raw MII register contents.

-V, –version
Display program version information.

-R, –reset
Reset the MII to its default configuration.

-r, –restart
Restart autonegotiation.

-w, –watch
Watch interface(s) and report changes in link status. The MII interfaces are polled at one second intervals.

-l, –log
Used with -w, records link status changes in the system log instead of printing on standard output.

-F media, –force=media
Disable autonegotiation, and force the MII to either 100baseTx-FD, 100baseTx-HD, 10baseT-FD, or 10baseT-HD operation.

-A media,…, –advertise=media,…
Enable and restart autonegotiation, and advertise only the specified media technologies. Multiple technologies should be separated by commas. Valid media are 100baseT4, 100baseTx-FD, 100baseTx-HD, 10baseT-FD, and 10baseT-HD.

DIAGNOSTICS
SIOCGMIIPHY on ‘eth?’ failed: Invalid argument
If the interface is not running (up), kernel will refuse to report its link state.

SIOCGMIIPHY on ‘eth?’ failed: Operation not permitted
Most kernels restrict access to root.

SIOCGMIIPHY on ‘eth?’ failed: No such device
This error is shown, if the kernel does not know about the named device.

SIOCGMIIPHY on ‘eth?’ failed: Operation not supported
The interface in question does not support MII queries. Most likely, it does not have MII transceivers, at all.

AUTHORS
David Hinds – dhinds@pcmcia.sourceforge.org
Donald Becker – becker@scyld.com
Bernd Eckenfels – ecki@debian.org

net-tools 2004/03/28 23:30:00 MII-TOOL(8)

Yet mii-tool is still available on some very recent Linux distro like the latest Ubuntu 10.10, while you have to manually install ethtool.

bash# apt-cache search ethtool
ethtool - display or change Ethernet device settings
ifplugd - configuration daemon for ethernet devices
bash#
bash# apt-get install ethtool
Reading package lists... Done
Building dependency tree
Reading state information... Done
The following packages were automatically installed and are no longer required:
  dbconfig-common php5-gd libmcrypt4 libt1-5 libgd2-xpm php5-mcrypt wwwconfig-common javascript-common libjs-mootools
Use 'apt-get autoremove' to remove them.
The following NEW packages will be installed:
  ethtool
0 upgraded, 1 newly installed, 0 to remove and 70 not upgraded.
Need to get 76.4kB of archives.
After this operation, 279kB of additional disk space will be used.
Get:1 http://us.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ maverick/main ethtool amd64 1:2.6.34-2 [76.4kB]
Fetched 76.4kB in 1s (58.0kB/s)
Selecting previously deselected package ethtool.
(Reading database ... 64086 files and directories currently installed.)
Unpacking ethtool (from .../ethtool_1%3a2.6.34-2_amd64.deb) ...
Processing triggers for man-db ...
Setting up ethtool (1:2.6.34-2) ...
bash#

ethtool has also many more interesting options compared to mii-tool:

bash# ethtool -h
ethtool version 2.6.34
Usage:
ethtool DEVNAME Display standard information about device
        ethtool -s|--change DEVNAME     Change generic options
                [ speed %d ]
                [ duplex half|full ]
                [ port tp|aui|bnc|mii|fibre ]
                [ autoneg on|off ]
                [ advertise %x ]
                [ phyad %d ]
                [ xcvr internal|external ]
                [ wol p|u|m|b|a|g|s|d... ]
                [ sopass %x:%x:%x:%x:%x:%x ]
                [ msglvl %d ]
        ethtool -a|--show-pause DEVNAME Show pause options
        ethtool -A|--pause DEVNAME      Set pause options
                [ autoneg on|off ]
                [ rx on|off ]
                [ tx on|off ]
        ethtool -c|--show-coalesce DEVNAME      Show coalesce options
        ethtool -C|--coalesce DEVNAME   Set coalesce options
                [adaptive-rx on|off]
                [adaptive-tx on|off]
                [rx-usecs N]
                [rx-frames N]
                [rx-usecs-irq N]
                [rx-frames-irq N]
                [tx-usecs N]
                [tx-frames N]
                [tx-usecs-irq N]
                [tx-frames-irq N]
                [stats-block-usecs N]
                [pkt-rate-low N]
                [rx-usecs-low N]
                [rx-frames-low N]
                [tx-usecs-low N]
                [tx-frames-low N]
                [pkt-rate-high N]
                [rx-usecs-high N]
                [rx-frames-high N]
                [tx-usecs-high N]
                [tx-frames-high N]
                [sample-interval N]
        ethtool -g|--show-ring DEVNAME  Query RX/TX ring parameters
        ethtool -G|--set-ring DEVNAME   Set RX/TX ring parameters
                [ rx N ]
                [ rx-mini N ]
                [ rx-jumbo N ]
                [ tx N ]
        ethtool -k|--show-offload DEVNAME       Get protocol offload information
        ethtool -K|--offload DEVNAME    Set protocol offload
                [ rx on|off ]
                [ tx on|off ]
                [ sg on|off ]
                [ tso on|off ]
                [ ufo on|off ]
                [ gso on|off ]
                [ gro on|off ]
                [ lro on|off ]
                [ ntuple on|off ]
                [ rxhash on|off ]
        ethtool -i|--driver DEVNAME     Show driver information
        ethtool -d|--register-dump DEVNAME      Do a register dump
                [ raw on|off ]
                [ file FILENAME ]
        ethtool -e|--eeprom-dump DEVNAME        Do a EEPROM dump
                [ raw on|off ]
                [ offset N ]
                [ length N ]
        ethtool -E|--change-eeprom DEVNAME      Change bytes in device EEPROM
                [ magic N ]
                [ offset N ]
                [ length N ]
                [ value N ]
        ethtool -r|--negotiate DEVNAME  Restart N-WAY negotation
        ethtool -p|--identify DEVNAME   Show visible port identification (e.g. blinking)
               [ TIME-IN-SECONDS ]
        ethtool -t|--test DEVNAME       Execute adapter self test
               [ online | offline ]
        ethtool -S|--statistics DEVNAME Show adapter statistics
        ethtool -n|--show-nfc DEVNAME   Show Rx network flow classificationoptions
                [ rx-flow-hash tcp4|udp4|ah4|sctp4|tcp6|udp6|ah6|sctp6 ]
        ethtool -f|--flash DEVNAME      FILENAME Flash firmware image from the specified file to a region on the device
               [ REGION-NUMBER-TO-FLASH ]
        ethtool -N|--config-nfc DEVNAME Configure Rx network flow classification options
                [ rx-flow-hash tcp4|udp4|ah4|sctp4|tcp6|udp6|ah6|sctp6 m|v|t|s|d|f|n|r... ]
        ethtool -U|--config-ntuple DEVNAME      Configure Rx ntuple filters and actions
               [ fl
        ethtool -u|--show-ntuple DEVNAME        Get Rx ntuple filters and actions

        ethtool -h|--help               Show this help
bash#

And its manpage:

ETHTOOL(8)

NAME
ethtool - Display or change ethernet card settings

SYNOPSIS
ethtool ethX

ethtool -h|--help

ethtool -a|--show-pause ethX

ethtool -A|--pause ethX [autoneg on|off] [rx on|off] [tx on|off]

ethtool -c|--show-coalesce ethX

ethtool -C|--coales
usecs-low N] [tx-frames-low N] [pkt-rate-high N] [rx-usecs-high N] [rx-frames-high N] [tx-usecs-high N] [tx-frames-high N] [sample-interval N]

ethtool -g|--show-ring ethX

ethtool -G|--set-ring ethX [rx N] [rx-mini N] [rx-jumbo N] [tx N]

ethtool -i|--driver ethX

ethtool -d|--register-dump ethX [raw on|off] [hex on|off] [file name]

ethtool -e|--eeprom-dump ethX [raw on|off] [offset N] [length N]

ethtool -E|--change-eeprom ethX [magic N] [offset N] [length N] [value N]

ethtool -k|--show-offload ethX

ethtool -K|--offload ethX [rx on|off] [tx on|off] [sg on|off] [tso on|off] [ufo on|off] [gso on|off] [gro on|off] [lro on|off] [rxhash on|off]

ethtool -p|--identify ethX [N]

ethtool -r|--negotiate ethX

ethtool -S|--statistics ethX

ethtool -t|--test ethX [offline|online]

ethtool -s ethX speed N [duplex half|full] [port tp|aui|bnc|mii] [autoneg on|off] [advertise N] [phyad N] [xcvr internal|external] [wol p|u|m|b|a|g|s|d...] [sopass xx:yy:zz:aa:bb:cc] [msglvl N]

ethtool -n ethX [rx-flow-hash tcp4|udp4|ah4|sctp4|tcp6|udp6|ah6|sctp6]

ethtool -N ethX [rx-flow-hash tcp4|udp4|ah4|sctp4|tcp6|udp6|ah6|sctp6 m|v|t|s|d|f|n|r...]

ethtool -f|--flash ethX FILE [N]

ethtool -u|--show-ntuple ethX

ethtool -U|--config-
[action queue or drop]

DESCRIPTION
ethtool is used for querying settings of an ethernet device and changing them.

ethX is the name of the ethernet device on which ethtool should operate.

OPTIONS
ethtool with a single argument specifying the device name prints current settings of the specified device.

-h --help
Shows a short help message.

-a --show-pause
Queries the specified ethernet device for pause parameter information.

-A --pause
Changes the pause parameters of the specified ethernet device.

autoneg on|off
Specifies whether pause autonegotiation should be enabled.

rx on|off
Specifies whether RX pause should be enabled.

tx on|off
Specifies whether TX pause should be enabled.

-c --show-coalesce
Queries the specified ethernet device for coalescing information.

-C --coalesce
Changes the coalescing settings of the specified ethernet device.

-g --show-ring
Queries the specified ethernet device for rx/tx ring parameter information.

-G --set-ring
Changes the rx/tx ring parameters of the specified ethernet device.

rx N Changes the number of ring entries for the Rx ring.

rx-mini N
Changes the number of ring entries for the Rx Mini ring.

rx-jumbo N
Changes the number of ring entries for the Rx Jumbo ring.

tx N Changes the number of ring entries for the Tx ring.

-i --driver
Queries the specified ethernet device for associated driver information.

-d --register-dump
Retrieves and
tents of previous raw register dump, rather than reading from the device.

-e --eeprom-dump

-E --change-eeprom
If value is s
of the EEPROM. Because of the persistent nature of writing to the EEPROM, a device-specific magic key must be specified to prevent the accidental writing to the EEPROM.

-k --show-offload
Queries the specified ethernet device for offload information.

-K --offload
Changes the offload parameters of the specified ethernet device.

rx on|off
Specifies whether RX checksumming should be enabled.

tx on|off
Specifies whether TX checksumming should be enabled.

sg on|off
Specifies whether scatter-gather should be enabled.

tso on|off
Specifies whether TCP segmentation offload should be enabled.

ufo on|off
Specifies whether UDP fragmentation offload should be enabled

gso on|off
Specifies whether generic segmentation offload should be enabled

gro on|off
Specifies whether generic receive offload should be enabled

lro on|off
Specifies whether large receive offload should be enabled

rxhash on|off
Specifies whether receive hashing offload should be enabled

-p --identify
Initiates adapter-specific action intended to enable an operator to easily identify the adapter by sight. Typically this involves blinking one or more LEDs on the specific ethernet port.

N Length of time to perform phys-id, in seconds.

-r --negotiate
Restarts auto-negotiation on the specified ethernet device, if auto-negotiation is enabled.

-S --statistics
Queries the specified ethernet device for NIC- and driver-specific statistics.

-t --test
Executes adapter selftest on the specified ethernet device. Possible test modes are:

offline|online
defines test type: offline (default) means to perform full set of tests possibly causing normal operation interruption during the tests, online means to perform limited set of tests do not interrupting normal adapter operation.

-s --change
Allows changing some or all settings of the specified ethernet device. All following options only apply if -s was specified.

speed N
Set speed in Mb/s. ethtool with just the device name as an argument will show you the supported device speeds.

duplex half|full
Sets full or half duplex mode.

port tp|aui|bnc|mii
Selects device port.

autoneg on|off
Specifies whether autonegotiation should be enabled. Autonegotiation is enabled by deafult, but in some network devices may have trouble with it, so you can disable it if really necessary.

advertise N
Sets the speed and duplex advertised by autonegotiation. The argument is a hexidecimal value using one or a combination of the following values:
0x001 10 Half
0x002 10 Full
0x004 100 Half
0x008 100 Full
0x010 1000 Half(not supported by IEEE standards)
0x020 1000 Full
0x8000 2500 Full(not supported by IEEE standards)
0x1000 10000 Full
0x03F Auto

phyad N
PHY address.

xcvr internal|external
Selects transceiver type. Currently only internal and external can be specified, in the future further types might be added.

wol p|u|m|b|a|g|s|d...
Sets Wake-on-LAN options. Not all devices support this. The argument to this option is a string of characters specifying which options to enable.
p Wake on phy activity
u Wake on unicast messages
m Wake on multicast messages
b Wake on broadcast messages
a Wake on ARP
g Wake on MagicPacket(tm)
s Enable SecureOn(tm) password for MagicPacket(tm)
d Disable (wake on nothing). This option clears all previous options.

sopass xx:yy:zz:aa:bb:cc
Sets the SecureOn(tm) password. The argument to this option must be 6 bytes in ethernet MAC hex format (xx:yy:zz:aa:bb:cc).

msglvl N
Sets the driver message level. Meanings differ per driver.

-n --show-nfc
Retrieves the receive network flow classification configurations.

rx-flow-hash tcp4|udp4|ah4|sctp4|tcp6|udp6|ah6|sctp6
Retrieves the hash options for the specified network traffic type.
tcp4 TCP over IPv4
udp4 UDP over IPv4
ah4 IPSEC AH/ESP over IPv4
sctp4 SCTP over IPv4
tcp6 TCP over IPv6
udp6 UDP over IPv6
ah6 IPSEC AH/ESP over IPv6
sctp6 SCTP over IPv6

-N --config-nfc
Configures the receive network flow classification.

rx-flow-hash tcp4|udp4|ah4|sctp4|tcp6|udp6|ah6|sctp6 m|v|t|s|d|f|n|r...
Configures the hash options for the specified network traffic type.
m Hash on the Layer 2 destination address of the rx packet.
v Hash on the VLAN tag of the rx packet.
t Hash on the Layer 3 protocol field of the rx packet.
s Hash on the IP source address of the rx packet.
d Hash on the IP destination address of the rx packet.
f Hash on bytes 0 and 1 of the Layer 4 header of the rx packet.
n Hash on bytes 2 and 3 of the Layer 4 header of the rx packet.
r Discard all packets of this flow type. When this option is set, all other options are ignored.

-f --flash FILE
Flash firmware image from the specified file to a region on the adapter. By default this will flash all the regions on the adapter.

N A number to identify flash region where the image should be flashed. Default region is 0 which denotes all regions in the flash.

-u --show-ntuple
Get Rx ntuple filters and actions, then display them to the user.

-U --config-ntuple
Configure Rx ntuple filters and actions

flow-type tcp4|udp4|sctp4
tcp4 TCP over IPv4
udp4 UDP over IPv4
sctp4 SCTP over IPv4

src-ip addr
Includes the source IP address, specified in hex.

src-ip-mask mask
Specify a mask for the source IP address, specified in hex.

dst-ip addr
Includes the destination IP address, specified in hex.

dst-ip-mask mask
Specify a mask for the destination IP address, specified in hex.

src-port port
Includes the source port, specified in decimal.

src-port-mask mask
Specify a mask for the source port, specified in hex.

dst-port port
Includes the destination port, specified in decimal.

dst-port-mask mask
Specify a mask for the destination port, specified in hex.

vlan VLAN-tag
Includes the VLAN tag, specified in hex.

vlan-mask mask
Specify a mask for the VLAN tag, specified in hex.

user-def data
Includes 64-bits of user-specific data, specified in hex.

user-def-mask mask
Specify a mask for the user-specific data, specified in hex.

action N
Specifies either the Rx queue to send packets to, or to drop the matched flow.
-1 Drop the matched flow
0 or higher Rx queue to route the flow

BUGS
Not supported (in part or whole) on all ethernet drivers.

AUTHOR
ethtool was written by David Miller.

Modifications by Jeff Garzik, Tim Hockin, Jakub Jelinek, Andre Majorel, Eli Kupermann, Scott Feldman, Andi Kleen.

AVAILABILITY
ethtool is available over the Web on the SourceForge site at http://sourceforge.net/projects/gkernel/

Ethtool version 6 July 2007

Hey Ubuntu, why not remove mii-tool as it's misleading?

If it's there for compatibility reasons, why not also ship your releases with ethtool too?

And also someone should update the mii-tool manpage to specify it's deprecated and replaced by ethtool.

It's so weird I found an old mii-tool manpage from 2000 and it does state mii-tool is obsoleted and refers to ethtool, citing it in the SEE ALSO section of the manpage:

MII-TOOL(8) MII-TOOL(8)

NAME
mii-tool - view, manipulate media-independent interface status

SYNOPSIS
mii-tool [-v, --verbose] [-V, --version] [-R, --reset] [-r, --restart] [-w, --watch] [-l, --log] [-A, --advertise=media,...] [-F, --force=media] [interface ...]

NOTE
This program is obsolete. Valid media are only 100baseT4, 100baseTx-FD,100baseTx-HD, 10baseT-FD and 10baseT-HD ethernet cards. For replacement check ethtool.

DESCRIPTION
This utility checks or sets the status of a network interfaceĆ¢s Media Independent Interface (MII) unit. Most fast ethernet adapters use an MII to autonegotiate link speed and
duplex setting.

Most intelligent network devices use an autonegotiation protocol to communicate what media technologies they support, and then select the fastest mutually supported media technol-
ogy. The -A or --advertise options can be used to tell the MII to only advertise a subset of its capabilities. Some passive devices, such as single-speed hubs, are unable to
autonegotiate. To handle such devices, the MII protocol also allows for establishing a link by simply detecting either a 10baseT or 100baseT link beat. The -F or --force options
can be used to force the MII to operate in one mode, instead of autonegotiating. The -A and -F options are mutually exclusive.

The default short output reports the negotiated link speed and link status for each interface. If an interface or interfaces are not specified on the command line, then mii-tool
will check any available interfaces from eth0 through eth7.

OPTIONS
-v, --verbose
Display more detailed MII status information. If used twice, also display raw MII register contents.

-V, --version
Display program version information.

-R, --reset
Reset the MII to its default configuration.

-r, --restart
Restart autonegotiation.

-w, --watch
Watch interface(s) and report changes in link status. The MII interfaces are polled at one second intervals.

-l, --log
Used with -w, records link status changes in the system log instead of printing on standard output.

-F media, --force=media
Disable autonegotiation, and force the MII to either 100baseTx-FD, 100baseTx-HD, 10baseT-FD, or 10baseT-HD operation.

-A media,..., --advertise=media,...
Enable and restart autonegotiation, and advertise only the specified media technologies. Multiple technologies should be separated by commas. Valid media are 100baseT4,
100baseTx-FD, 100baseTx-HD, 10baseT-FD, and 10baseT-HD.

SEE ALSO
ethtool(8)

AUTHORS
David Hinds - dhinds@pcmcia.sourceforge.org
Donald Becker - becker@scyld.com

net-tools 2000/04/25 22:58:19 MII-TOOL(8)

The 2000 version of the manpage explicitly mentions:
"This program is obsolete. For replacement check ethtool." in the NOTE section, and the SEE ALSO section refers to ethtool.

However the 2004 version doesn't have any of these mentions (see above).

Why was it removed in 2004?

Ubuntu basic command line package administration Cheat Sheet

Sunday, January 2nd, 2011

Command line package administration can be powerful but it’s not obvious at first glance.
The commands to list, install, upgrade and uninstall are not using the same shell command.
Sometime you need apt-get, sometimes apt-cache, sometimes dpkg,… not very consistent.

Some commands are also confusing, for instance:

bash# apt-get install phpmyadmin

will install only the phpmyadmin package.
However this one:

bash# apt-get upgrade phpmyadmin

or this one:

bash# apt-get upgrade

are exactly the same and will attempt to upgrade ALL your packages, and not a specific one.

apt-get upgrade should probably give an error that is has an extra argument instead, otherwise you think you’re just upgrading one package.

Worse: you need to reuse the apt-get “install” command to upgrade a specific package, which makes the “upgrade” keyword confusing.

This cheat sheet is also valid for Debian systems as Ubuntu is based on Debian.
It is presented in a chronological manner for the lifetime of a package: searching, getting more details, installing, upgrading, removing.

Here is a quick cheat sheet summary:

1/ Package Management Cheat Sheet

sudo apt-get update # Update the local repository to have all the latest available packages
apt-cache search phpmyadmin # Search by keyword for a package
apt-cache show phpmyadmin # Get more information about a specific package before installing it
sudo apt-get install phpmyadmin # Install a specific package
dpkg -L phpmyadmin # List the files installed by a specific package
dpkg -l # List ALL installed packages
sudo apt-get install # Upgrade a package to the latest available version
apt-get upgrade # Upgrade ALL installed packages
sudo apt-get remove phpmyadmin # Uninstall, Remove, Delete, Suppress, Deinstall a specific package

And here are what the commands return in detail:


2/ Update the local repository to have all the latest available packages

bash# sudo apt-get update
Hit http://us.archive.ubuntu.com maverick Release.gpg
Ign http://us.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ maverick/main Translation-en
Ign http://us.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ maverick/main Translation-en_US
Get:1 http://security.ubuntu.com maverick-security Release.gpg [198B]
Ign http://security.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ maverick-security/main Translation-en
Ign http://security.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ maverick-security/main Translation-en_US
Ign http://us.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ maverick/multiverse Translation-en
Ign http://us.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ maverick/multiverse Translation-en_US
Ign http://us.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ maverick/restricted Translation-en
Ign http://us.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ maverick/restricted Translation-en_US
Ign http://us.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ maverick/universe Translation-en
Ign http://us.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ maverick/universe Translation-en_US
Get:2 http://us.archive.ubuntu.com maverick-updates Release.gpg [198B]
Ign http://us.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ maverick-updates/main Translation-en
Ign http://security.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ maverick-security/multiverse Translation-en
Ign http://security.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ maverick-security/multiverse Translation-en_US
Ign http://security.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ maverick-security/restricted Translation-en
Ign http://security.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ maverick-security/restricted Translation-en_US
Ign http://security.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ maverick-security/universe Translation-en
Ign http://security.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ maverick-security/universe Translation-en_US
Get:3 http://security.ubuntu.com maverick-security Release [31.4kB]
Ign http://us.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ maverick-updates/main Translation-en_US
Ign http://us.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ maverick-updates/multiverse Translation-en
Ign http://us.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ maverick-updates/multiverse Translation-en_US
Ign http://us.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ maverick-updates/restricted Translation-en
Ign http://us.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ maverick-updates/restricted Translation-en_US
Ign http://us.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ maverick-updates/universe Translation-en
Ign http://us.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ maverick-updates/universe Translation-en_US
Hit http://us.archive.ubuntu.com maverick Release
Get:4 http://us.archive.ubuntu.com maverick-updates Release [31.4kB]
Get:5 http://security.ubuntu.com maverick-security/main Sources [23.7kB]
Hit http://us.archive.ubuntu.com maverick/main Sources
Hit http://us.archive.ubuntu.com maverick/restricted Sources
Hit http://us.archive.ubuntu.com maverick/universe Sources
Hit http://us.archive.ubuntu.com maverick/multiverse Sources
Hit http://us.archive.ubuntu.com maverick/main amd64 Packages
Hit http://us.archive.ubuntu.com maverick/restricted amd64 Packages
Hit http://us.archive.ubuntu.com maverick/universe amd64 Packages
Hit http://us.archive.ubuntu.com maverick/multiverse amd64 Packages
Get:6 http://us.archive.ubuntu.com maverick-updates/main Sources [80.7kB]
Get:7 http://security.ubuntu.com maverick-security/restricted Sources [14B]
Get:8 http://security.ubuntu.com maverick-security/universe Sources [9,802B]
Get:9 http://security.ubuntu.com maverick-security/multiverse Sources [649B]
Get:10 http://security.ubuntu.com maverick-security/main amd64 Packages [78.9kB]
Get:11 http://us.archive.ubuntu.com maverick-updates/restricted Sources [778B]
Get:12 http://us.archive.ubuntu.com maverick-updates/universe Sources [29.5kB]
Get:13 http://security.ubuntu.com maverick-security/restricted amd64 Packages [14B]
Get:14 http://security.ubuntu.com maverick-security/universe amd64 Packages [39.2kB]
Get:15 http://us.archive.ubuntu.com maverick-updates/multiverse Sources [1,504B]
Get:16 http://us.archive.ubuntu.com maverick-updates/main amd64 Packages [217kB]
Get:17 http://security.ubuntu.com maverick-security/multiverse amd64 Packages [1,531B]
Get:18 http://us.archive.ubuntu.com maverick-updates/restricted amd64 Packages [1,802B]
Get:19 http://us.archive.ubuntu.com maverick-updates/universe amd64 Packages [88.7kB]
Get:20 http://us.archive.ubuntu.com maverick-updates/multiverse amd64 Packages [2,700B]
Fetched 640kB in 3s (180kB/s)
Reading package lists... Done
bash #


3/ Search by keyword for a package

bash# apt-cache search phpmyadmin
dtc-toaster - web control panel for admin and accounting hosting services (metapackage)
phpmyadmin - MySQL web administration tool
bash#


4/ Get more information about a specific package before installing it

bash# apt-cache show phpmyadmin
Package: phpmyadmin
Priority: extra
Section: universe/web
Installed-Size: 17040
Maintainer: Ubuntu Developers <ubuntu-devel-discuss@lists.ubuntu.com>
Original-Maintainer: Thijs Kinkhorst <thijs@debian.org>
Architecture: all
Version: 4:3.3.2-1
Depends: libapache2-mod-php5 | php5-cgi | php5, php5-mysql | php5-mysqli, php5-mcrypt, perl, debconf (>= 0.5) | debconf-2.0, dbconfig-common, ucf (>= 0.28), libjs-mootools (>= 1.2.4.0~debian1-1)
Recommends: apache2 | lighttpd | httpd, php5-gd, mysql-client
Suggests: mysql-server
Filename: pool/universe/p/phpmyadmin/phpmyadmin_3.3.2-1_all.deb
Size: 4284776
MD5sum: 01a18106b25251d7414e64274cf13c28
SHA1: 5133de151595bded0a6a3c0201665999ff8ea57f
SHA256: ba89c9cd6620ec23f637f75172805a600083f0101245edf2a37c3d3a33743e46
Description: MySQL web administration tool
 This package allows administering of MySQL with a web interface.
 .
 It allows administrators to:
  - browse through databases and tables;
  - create, copy, rename, alter and drop databases;
  - create, copy, rename, alter and drop tables;
  - perform table maintenance;
  - add, edit and drop fields;
  - execute any SQL-statement, even multiple queries;
  - create, alter and drop indexes;
  - load text files into tables;
  - create and read dumps of tables or databases;
  - export data to SQL, CSV, XML, Word, Excel, PDF and LaTeX formats;
  - administer multiple servers;
  - manage MySQL users and privileges;
  - check server settings and runtime information with configuration hints;
  - check referential integrity in MyISAM tables;
  - create complex queries using Query-by-example (QBE), automatically
    connecting required tables;
  - create PDF graphics of database layout;
  - search globally in a database or a subset of it;
  - transform stored data into any format using a set of predefined
    functions, such as displaying BLOB-data as image or download-link;
  - manage InnoDB tables and foreign keys;
 and is fully internationalized and localized in dozens of languages.
Homepage: http://www.phpmyadmin.net/
Bugs: https://bugs.launchpad.net/ubuntu/+filebug
Origin: Ubuntu
bash#


5/ Install a specific package

The following command will take all dependencies into account and install the required packages for this specific package to work.

bash# sudo apt-get install phpmyadmin
Reading package lists... Done
Building dependency tree
Reading state information... Done
The following extra packages will be installed:
  dbconfig-common javascript-common libapache2-mod-php5 libgd2-xpm libjs-mootools libmcrypt4 libt1-5
  php5-cli php5-common php5-gd php5-mcrypt php5-mysql wwwconfig-common
Suggested packages:
  php-pear libgd-tools libmcrypt-dev mcrypt php5-suhosin postgresql-client apache apache-ssl
The following NEW packages will be installed:
  dbconfig-common javascript-common libgd2-xpm libjs-mootools libmcrypt4 libt1-5 php5-gd php5-mcrypt phpmyadmin wwwconfig-common
The following packages will be upgraded:
  libapache2-mod-php5 php5-cli php5-common php5-mysql
4 upgraded, 10 newly installed, 0 to remove and 54 not upgraded.
Need to get 12.4MB of archives.
After this operation, 22.6MB of additional disk space will be used.
Do you want to continue [Y/n]? y
Get:1 http://us.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ maverick/main dbconfig-common all 1.8.46 [474kB]
Get:2 http://us.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ maverick/universe wwwconfig-common all 0.2.1 [22.8kB]
Get:3 http://us.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ maverick/universe javascript-common all 7 [3,854B]
Get:4 http://us.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ maverick-updates/main php5-cli amd64 5.3.3-1ubuntu9.3 [3,018kB]
Get:5 http://us.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ maverick-updates/main php5-mysql amd64 5.3.3-1ubuntu9.3 [75.4kB]
Get:6 http://us.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ maverick-updates/main libapache2-mod-php5 amd64 5.3.3-1ubuntu9.3 [3,106kB]
Get:7 http://us.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ maverick-updates/main php5-common amd64 5.3.3-1ubuntu9.3 [565kB]
Get:8 http://us.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ maverick/main libgd2-xpm amd64 2.0.36~rc1~dfsg-3.2ubuntu1 [215kB]
Get:9 http://us.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ maverick/universe libjs-mootools all 1.2.4.0~debian1-1 [248kB]
Get:10 http://us.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ maverick/universe libmcrypt4 amd64 2.5.8-3.1 [87.6kB]
Get:11 http://us.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ maverick/main libt1-5 amd64 5.1.2-3build1 [172kB]
Get:12 http://us.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ maverick-updates/main php5-gd amd64 5.3.3-1ubuntu9.3 [38.5kB]
Get:13 http://us.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ maverick/universe php5-mcrypt amd64 5.3.3-0ubuntu2 [18.6kB]
Get:14 http://us.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ maverick-updates/universe phpmyadmin all 4:3.3.7-3build0.10.10.1 [4,342kB]
Fetched 12.4MB in 35s (351kB/s)
Preconfiguring packages ...
Selecting previously deselected package dbconfig-common.
(Reading database ... 63681 files and directories currently installed.)
Unpacking dbconfig-common (from .../dbconfig-common_1.8.46_all.deb) ...
Selecting previously deselected package wwwconfig-common.
Unpacking wwwconfig-common (from .../wwwconfig-common_0.2.1_all.deb) ...
Selecting previously deselected package javascript-common.
Unpacking javascript-common (from .../javascript-common_7_all.deb) ...
Preparing to replace php5-cli 5.3.3-1ubuntu9.1 (using .../php5-cli_5.3.3-1ubuntu9.3_amd64.deb) ...
Unpacking replacement php5-cli ...
Preparing to replace php5-mysql 5.3.3-1ubuntu9.1 (using .../php5-mysql_5.3.3-1ubuntu9.3_amd64.deb) ...
Unpacking replacement php5-mysql ...
Preparing to replace libapache2-mod-php5 5.3.3-1ubuntu9.1 (using .../libapache2-mod-php5_5.3.3-1ubuntu9.3_amd64.deb) ...
Unpacking replacement libapache2-mod-php5 ...
Preparing to replace php5-common 5.3.3-1ubuntu9.1 (using .../php5-common_5.3.3-1ubuntu9.3_amd64.deb) ...
Unpacking replacement php5-common ...
Selecting previously deselected package libgd2-xpm.
Unpacking libgd2-xpm (from .../libgd2-xpm_2.0.36~rc1~dfsg-3.2ubuntu1_amd64.deb) ...
Selecting previously deselected package libjs-mootools.
Unpacking libjs-mootools (from .../libjs-mootools_1.2.4.0~debian1-1_all.deb) ...
Selecting previously deselected package libmcrypt4.
Unpacking libmcrypt4 (from .../libmcrypt4_2.5.8-3.1_amd64.deb) ...
Selecting previously deselected package libt1-5.
Unpacking libt1-5 (from .../libt1-5_5.1.2-3build1_amd64.deb) ...
Selecting previously deselected package php5-gd.
Unpacking php5-gd (from .../php5-gd_5.3.3-1ubuntu9.3_amd64.deb) ...
Selecting previously deselected package php5-mcrypt.
Unpacking php5-mcrypt (from .../php5-mcrypt_5.3.3-0ubuntu2_amd64.deb) ...
Selecting previously deselected package phpmyadmin.
Unpacking phpmyadmin (from .../phpmyadmin_4%3a3.3.7-3build0.10.10.1_all.deb) ...
Processing triggers for man-db ...
Setting up dbconfig-common (1.8.46) ...

Creating config file /etc/dbconfig-common/config with new version
Setting up wwwconfig-common (0.2.1) ...
Setting up javascript-common (7) ...
Setting up php5-common (5.3.3-1ubuntu9.3) ...
Setting up php5-cli (5.3.3-1ubuntu9.3) ...
Setting up libapache2-mod-php5 (5.3.3-1ubuntu9.3) ...
 * Reloading web server config apache2
Setting up php5-mysql (5.3.3-1ubuntu9.3) ...
Setting up libgd2-xpm (2.0.36~rc1~dfsg-3.2ubuntu1) ...
Setting up libjs-mootools (1.2.4.0~debian1-1) ...
Setting up libmcrypt4 (2.5.8-3.1) ...
Setting up libt1-5 (5.1.2-3build1) ...
Setting up php5-gd (5.3.3-1ubuntu9.3) ...
Setting up php5-mcrypt (5.3.3-0ubuntu2) ...
Setting up phpmyadmin (4:3.3.7-3build0.10.10.1) ...
dbconfig-common: writing config to /etc/dbconfig-common/phpmyadmin.conf

Creating config file /etc/dbconfig-common/phpmyadmin.conf with new version

Creating config file /etc/phpmyadmin/config-db.php with new version
granting access to database phpmyadmin for phpmyadmin@localhost: failed.
error encountered creating user:
mysql said: ERROR 1044 (42000) at line 1: Access denied for user 'phpmyadmin'@'localhost' to database 'phpmyadmin'
dbconfig-common: phpmyadmin configure: ignoring errors from here forwards
populating database via sql...  done.
dbconfig-common: flushing administrative password
Processing triggers for libc-bin ...
ldconfig deferred processing now taking place
bash#


6/ List the files installed by a specific package

bash# dpkg -L phpmyadmin
/.
/etc
/etc/phpmyadmin
/etc/phpmyadmin/apache.conf
/etc/phpmyadmin/config.footer.inc.php
/etc/phpmyadmin/config.header.inc.php
/etc/phpmyadmin/config.inc.php
/etc/phpmyadmin/lighttpd.conf
/etc/phpmyadmin/phpmyadmin.service
/usr
/usr/share
/usr/share/phpmyadmin
/usr/share/phpmyadmin/browse_foreigners.php
/usr/share/phpmyadmin/bs_change_mime_type.php
/usr/share/phpmyadmin/bs_disp_as_mime_type.php
/usr/share/phpmyadmin/bs_play_media.php
/usr/share/phpmyadmin/calendar.php
/usr/share/phpmyadmin/changelog.php
/usr/share/phpmyadmin/chk_rel.php
/usr/share/phpmyadmin/config.sample.inc.php
/usr/share/phpmyadmin/db_create.php
/usr/share/phpmyadmin/db_datadict.php
/usr/share/phpmyadmin/db_export.php
/usr/share/phpmyadmin/db_import.php
/usr/share/phpmyadmin/db_operations.php
/usr/share/phpmyadmin/db_printview.php
/usr/share/phpmyadmin/db_qbe.php
/usr/share/phpmyadmin/db_search.php
/usr/share/phpmyadmin/db_sql.php
/usr/share/phpmyadmin/db_structure.php
/usr/share/phpmyadmin/db_tracking.php
/usr/share/phpmyadmin/export.php
/usr/share/phpmyadmin/import.php
/usr/share/phpmyadmin/import_status.php
/usr/share/phpmyadmin/index.php
/usr/share/phpmyadmin/license.php
/usr/share/phpmyadmin/main.php
/usr/share/phpmyadmin/navigation.php
/usr/share/phpmyadmin/pdf_pages.php
/usr/share/phpmyadmin/pdf_schema.php
/usr/share/phpmyadmin/phpinfo.php
/usr/share/phpmyadmin/phpmyadmin.css.php
/usr/share/phpmyadmin/pmd_common.php
/usr/share/phpmyadmin/pmd_display_field.php
/usr/share/phpmyadmin/pmd_general.php
/usr/share/phpmyadmin/pmd_help.php
/usr/share/phpmyadmin/pmd_pdf.php
/usr/share/phpmyadmin/pmd_relation_new.php
/usr/share/phpmyadmin/pmd_relation_upd.php
/usr/share/phpmyadmin/pmd_save_pos.php
/usr/share/phpmyadmin/querywindow.php
/usr/share/phpmyadmin/server_binlog.php
/usr/share/phpmyadmin/server_collations.php
/usr/share/phpmyadmin/server_databases.php
/usr/share/phpmyadmin/server_engines.php
/usr/share/phpmyadmin/server_export.php
/usr/share/phpmyadmin/server_import.php
/usr/share/phpmyadmin/server_privileges.php
/usr/share/phpmyadmin/server_processlist.php
/usr/share/phpmyadmin/server_replication.php
/usr/share/phpmyadmin/server_sql.php
/usr/share/phpmyadmin/server_status.php
/usr/share/phpmyadmin/server_synchronize.php
/usr/share/phpmyadmin/server_variables.php
/usr/share/phpmyadmin/show_config_errors.php
/usr/share/phpmyadmin/sql.php
/usr/share/phpmyadmin/tbl_addfield.php
/usr/share/phpmyadmin/tbl_alter.php
/usr/share/phpmyadmin/tbl_change.php
/usr/share/phpmyadmin/tbl_create.php
/usr/share/phpmyadmin/tbl_export.php
/usr/share/phpmyadmin/tbl_import.php
/usr/share/phpmyadmin/tbl_indexes.php
/usr/share/phpmyadmin/tbl_move_copy.php
/usr/share/phpmyadmin/tbl_operations.php
/usr/share/phpmyadmin/tbl_printview.php
/usr/share/phpmyadmin/tbl_relation.php
/usr/share/phpmyadmin/tbl_replace.php
/usr/share/phpmyadmin/tbl_row_action.php
/usr/share/phpmyadmin/tbl_select.php
/usr/share/phpmyadmin/tbl_sql.php
/usr/share/phpmyadmin/tbl_structure.php
/usr/share/phpmyadmin/tbl_tracking.php
/usr/share/phpmyadmin/themes.php
/usr/share/phpmyadmin/transformation_overview.php
/usr/share/phpmyadmin/transformation_wrapper.php
/usr/share/phpmyadmin/user_password.php
/usr/share/phpmyadmin/view_create.php
/usr/share/phpmyadmin/webapp.php
/usr/share/phpmyadmin/favicon.ico
/usr/share/phpmyadmin/print.css
/usr/share/phpmyadmin/js
/usr/share/phpmyadmin/js/dom-drag.js
/usr/share/phpmyadmin/js/tooltip.js
/usr/share/phpmyadmin/js/functions.js
/usr/share/phpmyadmin/js/indexes.js
/usr/share/phpmyadmin/js/tbl_change.js
/usr/share/phpmyadmin/js/mootools-domready-rainbow.js
/usr/share/phpmyadmin/js/querywindow.js
/usr/share/phpmyadmin/js/navigation.js
/usr/share/phpmyadmin/js/common.js
/usr/share/phpmyadmin/js/keyhandler.js
/usr/share/phpmyadmin/js/mootools_common.js
/usr/share/phpmyadmin/js/server_privileges.js
/usr/share/phpmyadmin/js/mooRainbow
/usr/share/phpmyadmin/js/mooRainbow/mooRainbow.css
/usr/share/phpmyadmin/js/mooRainbow/mooRainbow.js
/usr/share/phpmyadmin/js/mooRainbow/images
/usr/share/phpmyadmin/js/mooRainbow/images/rainbow.png
/usr/share/phpmyadmin/js/mooRainbow/images/moor_cursor.gif
/usr/share/phpmyadmin/js/mooRainbow/images/moor_slider.png
/usr/share/phpmyadmin/js/mooRainbow/images/moor_boverlay.png
/usr/share/phpmyadmin/js/mooRainbow/images/moor_arrows.gif
/usr/share/phpmyadmin/js/mooRainbow/images/moor_woverlay.png
/usr/share/phpmyadmin/js/mooRainbow/images/blank.gif
/usr/share/phpmyadmin/lang
/usr/share/phpmyadmin/lang/croatian-utf-8.inc.php
/usr/share/phpmyadmin/lang/galician-utf-8.inc.php
/usr/share/phpmyadmin/lang/hungarian-utf-8.inc.php
/usr/share/phpmyadmin/lang/estonian-utf-8.inc.php
/usr/share/phpmyadmin/lang/hindi-utf-8.inc.php
/usr/share/phpmyadmin/lang/bangla-utf-8.inc.php
/usr/share/phpmyadmin/lang/slovenian-utf-8.inc.php
/usr/share/phpmyadmin/lang/dutch-utf-8.inc.php
/usr/share/phpmyadmin/lang/brazilian_portuguese-utf-8.inc.php
/usr/share/phpmyadmin/lang/catalan-utf-8.inc.php
/usr/share/phpmyadmin/lang/thai-utf-8.inc.php
/usr/share/phpmyadmin/lang/arabic-utf-8.inc.php
/usr/share/phpmyadmin/lang/bosnian-utf-8.inc.php
/usr/share/phpmyadmin/lang/spanish-utf-8.inc.php
/usr/share/phpmyadmin/lang/sinhala-utf-8.inc.php
/usr/share/phpmyadmin/lang/lithuanian-utf-8.inc.php
/usr/share/phpmyadmin/lang/chinese_traditional-utf-8.inc.php
/usr/share/phpmyadmin/lang/ukrainian-utf-8.inc.php
/usr/share/phpmyadmin/lang/tatarish-utf-8.inc.php
/usr/share/phpmyadmin/lang/norwegian-utf-8.inc.php
/usr/share/phpmyadmin/lang/swedish-utf-8.inc.php
/usr/share/phpmyadmin/lang/danish-utf-8.inc.php
/usr/share/phpmyadmin/lang/azerbaijani-utf-8.inc.php
/usr/share/phpmyadmin/lang/greek-utf-8.inc.php
/usr/share/phpmyadmin/lang/basque-utf-8.inc.php
/usr/share/phpmyadmin/lang/turkish-utf-8.inc.php
/usr/share/phpmyadmin/lang/english-utf-8.inc.php
/usr/share/phpmyadmin/lang/romanian-utf-8.inc.php
/usr/share/phpmyadmin/lang/polish-utf-8.inc.php
/usr/share/phpmyadmin/lang/albanian-utf-8.inc.php
/usr/share/phpmyadmin/lang/chinese_simplified-utf-8.inc.php
/usr/share/phpmyadmin/lang/serbian_latin-utf-8.inc.php
/usr/share/phpmyadmin/lang/add_message_file.sh
/usr/share/phpmyadmin/lang/czech-utf-8.inc.php
/usr/share/phpmyadmin/lang/sort_lang.sh
/usr/share/phpmyadmin/lang/japanese-utf-8.inc.php
/usr/share/phpmyadmin/lang/mongolian-utf-8.inc.php
/usr/share/phpmyadmin/lang/indonesian-utf-8.inc.php
/usr/share/phpmyadmin/lang/macedonian_cyrillic-utf-8.inc.php
/usr/share/phpmyadmin/lang/serbian_cyrillic-utf-8.inc.php
/usr/share/phpmyadmin/lang/portuguese-utf-8.inc.php
/usr/share/phpmyadmin/lang/finnish-utf-8.inc.php
/usr/share/phpmyadmin/lang/remove_message.sh
/usr/share/phpmyadmin/lang/malay-utf-8.inc.php
/usr/share/phpmyadmin/lang/add_message.sh
/usr/share/phpmyadmin/lang/hebrew-utf-8.inc.php
/usr/share/phpmyadmin/lang/slovak-utf-8.inc.php
/usr/share/phpmyadmin/lang/korean-utf-8.inc.php
/usr/share/phpmyadmin/lang/belarusian_cyrillic-utf-8.inc.php
/usr/share/phpmyadmin/lang/french-utf-8.inc.php
/usr/share/phpmyadmin/lang/afrikaans-utf-8.inc.php
/usr/share/phpmyadmin/lang/persian-utf-8.inc.php
/usr/share/phpmyadmin/lang/georgian-utf-8.inc.php
/usr/share/phpmyadmin/lang/latvian-utf-8.inc.php
/usr/share/phpmyadmin/lang/translatecount.sh
/usr/share/phpmyadmin/lang/uzbek_latin-utf-8.inc.php
/usr/share/phpmyadmin/lang/bulgarian-utf-8.inc.php
/usr/share/phpmyadmin/lang/belarusian_latin-utf-8.inc.php
/usr/share/phpmyadmin/lang/italian-utf-8.inc.php
/usr/share/phpmyadmin/lang/uzbek_cyrillic-utf-8.inc.php
/usr/share/phpmyadmin/lang/russian-utf-8.inc.php
/usr/share/phpmyadmin/lang/german-utf-8.inc.php
/usr/share/phpmyadmin/lang/check_lang.sh
/usr/share/phpmyadmin/libraries
/usr/share/phpmyadmin/libraries/PMA.php
/usr/share/phpmyadmin/libraries/tbl_info.inc.php
/usr/share/phpmyadmin/libraries/ip_allow_deny.lib.php
/usr/share/phpmyadmin/libraries/blowfish.php
/usr/share/phpmyadmin/libraries/display_tbl.lib.php
/usr/share/phpmyadmin/libraries/navigation_header.inc.php
/usr/share/phpmyadmin/libraries/url_generating.lib.php
/usr/share/phpmyadmin/libraries/vendor_config.php
/usr/share/phpmyadmin/libraries/display_select_lang.lib.php
/usr/share/phpmyadmin/libraries/common.inc.php
/usr/share/phpmyadmin/libraries/tbl_properties.inc.php
/usr/share/phpmyadmin/libraries/core.lib.php
/usr/share/phpmyadmin/libraries/config.default.php
/usr/share/phpmyadmin/libraries/server_common.inc.php
/usr/share/phpmyadmin/libraries/replication_gui.lib.php
/usr/share/phpmyadmin/libraries/kanji-encoding.lib.php
/usr/share/phpmyadmin/libraries/Error_Handler.class.php
/usr/share/phpmyadmin/libraries/select_lang.lib.php
/usr/share/phpmyadmin/libraries/sql_query_form.lib.php
/usr/share/phpmyadmin/libraries/dbi
/usr/share/phpmyadmin/libraries/dbi/mysqli.dbi.lib.php
/usr/share/phpmyadmin/libraries/dbi/mysql.dbi.lib.php
/usr/share/phpmyadmin/libraries/sanitizing.lib.php
/usr/share/phpmyadmin/libraries/Error.class.php
/usr/share/phpmyadmin/libraries/sqlvalidator.class.php
/usr/share/phpmyadmin/libraries/server_synchronize.lib.php
/usr/share/phpmyadmin/libraries/File.class.php
/usr/share/phpmyadmin/libraries/footer.inc.php
/usr/share/phpmyadmin/libraries/information_schema_relations.lib.php
/usr/share/phpmyadmin/libraries/string.lib.php
/usr/share/phpmyadmin/libraries/string_mb.lib.php
/usr/share/phpmyadmin/libraries/zip_extension.lib.php
/usr/share/phpmyadmin/libraries/PHPExcel
/usr/share/phpmyadmin/libraries/PHPExcel/PHPExcel
/usr/share/phpmyadmin/libraries/PHPExcel/PHPExcel/WorksheetIterator.php
/usr/share/phpmyadmin/libraries/PHPExcel/PHPExcel/Worksheet
/usr/share/phpmyadmin/libraries/PHPExcel/PHPExcel/Worksheet/RowIterator.php
/usr/share/phpmyadmin/libraries/PHPExcel/PHPExcel/Worksheet/PageSetup.php
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/usr/share/phpmyadmin/pmd/styles/default/images/8.png
/usr/share/phpmyadmin/pmd/styles/default/images/small_tab.png
/usr/share/phpmyadmin/pmd/styles/default/images/5.png
/usr/share/phpmyadmin/pmd/styles/default/images/6.png
/usr/share/phpmyadmin/pmd/styles/default/images/Header.png
/usr/share/phpmyadmin/pmd/styles/default/images/2.png
/usr/share/phpmyadmin/pmd/styles/default/images/left_panel_butt.png
/usr/share/phpmyadmin/pmd/styles/default/images/3.png
/usr/share/phpmyadmin/pmd/styles/default/images/Header_Linked.png
/usr/share/phpmyadmin/pmd/styles/default/images/top_panel.png
/usr/share/phpmyadmin/pmd/styles/default/images/Field_small_date.png
/usr/share/phpmyadmin/pmd/styles/default/images/1.png
/usr/share/phpmyadmin/pmd/styles/default/images/Field_small.png
/usr/share/phpmyadmin/pmd/styles/default/images/Field_small_int.png
/usr/share/phpmyadmin/pmd/scripts
/usr/share/phpmyadmin/pmd/scripts/iecanvas.js
/usr/share/phpmyadmin/pmd/scripts/move.js
/usr/share/phpmyadmin/pmd/scripts/ajax.js
/usr/share/phpmyadmin/pmd/images
/usr/share/phpmyadmin/pmd/images/grid.png
/usr/share/phpmyadmin/pmd/images/downarrow1.png
/usr/share/phpmyadmin/pmd/images/exec.png
/usr/share/phpmyadmin/pmd/images/relation.png
/usr/share/phpmyadmin/pmd/images/display_field.png
/usr/share/phpmyadmin/pmd/images/favicon.ico
/usr/share/phpmyadmin/pmd/images/def.png
/usr/share/phpmyadmin/pmd/images/bottom.png
/usr/share/phpmyadmin/pmd/images/downarrow2.png
/usr/share/phpmyadmin/pmd/images/2leftarrow.png
/usr/share/phpmyadmin/pmd/images/pdf.png
/usr/share/phpmyadmin/pmd/images/save.png
/usr/share/phpmyadmin/pmd/images/bord.png
/usr/share/phpmyadmin/pmd/images/help.png
/usr/share/phpmyadmin/pmd/images/rightarrow1.png
/usr/share/phpmyadmin/pmd/images/reload.png
/usr/share/phpmyadmin/pmd/images/2rightarrow_m.png
/usr/share/phpmyadmin/pmd/images/2rightarrow.png
/usr/share/phpmyadmin/pmd/images/exec_small.png
/usr/share/phpmyadmin/pmd/images/uparrow2_m.png
/usr/share/phpmyadmin/pmd/images/table.png
/usr/share/phpmyadmin/pmd/images/downarrow2_m.png
/usr/share/phpmyadmin/pmd/images/ang_direct.png
/usr/share/phpmyadmin/pmd/images/rightarrow2.png
/usr/share/phpmyadmin/pmd/images/help_relation.png
/usr/share/phpmyadmin/pmd/images/resize.png
/usr/share/phpmyadmin/pmd/images/2leftarrow_m.png
/usr/share/phpmyadmin/themes
/usr/share/phpmyadmin/themes/original
/usr/share/phpmyadmin/themes/original/screen.png
...
/usr/share/phpmyadmin/themes/darkblue_orange
/usr/share/phpmyadmin/themes/darkblue_orange/screen.png
...
/usr/share/phpmyadmin/setup
/usr/share/phpmyadmin/setup/lib
/usr/share/phpmyadmin/setup/lib/FormDisplay.class.php
/usr/share/phpmyadmin/setup/lib/common.inc.php
/usr/share/phpmyadmin/setup/lib/Form.class.php
/usr/share/phpmyadmin/setup/lib/form_processing.lib.php
/usr/share/phpmyadmin/setup/lib/config_info.inc.php
/usr/share/phpmyadmin/setup/lib/FormDisplay.tpl.php
/usr/share/phpmyadmin/setup/lib/validate.lib.php
/usr/share/phpmyadmin/setup/lib/index.lib.php
/usr/share/phpmyadmin/setup/lib/ConfigFile.class.php
/usr/share/phpmyadmin/setup/lib/forms.inc.php
/usr/share/phpmyadmin/setup/lib/.htaccess
/usr/share/phpmyadmin/setup/scripts.js
/usr/share/phpmyadmin/setup/frames
/usr/share/phpmyadmin/setup/frames/servers.inc.php
/usr/share/phpmyadmin/setup/frames/menu.inc.php
/usr/share/phpmyadmin/setup/frames/index.inc.php
/usr/share/phpmyadmin/setup/frames/form.inc.php
/usr/share/phpmyadmin/setup/frames/config.inc.php
/usr/share/phpmyadmin/setup/index.php
/usr/share/phpmyadmin/setup/styles.css
/usr/share/phpmyadmin/setup/config.php
/usr/share/phpmyadmin/setup/validate.php
/usr/share/phpmyadmin/config.footer.inc.php
/usr/share/phpmyadmin/config.header.inc.php
/usr/share/phpmyadmin/config.inc.php
/usr/share/dbconfig-common
/usr/share/dbconfig-common/data
/usr/share/dbconfig-common/data/phpmyadmin
/usr/share/dbconfig-common/data/phpmyadmin/install
/usr/share/dbconfig-common/data/phpmyadmin/install/mysql
/usr/share/dbconfig-common/data/phpmyadmin/upgrade
/usr/share/dbconfig-common/data/phpmyadmin/upgrade/mysql
/usr/share/dbconfig-common/data/phpmyadmin/upgrade/mysql/4:3.3.2-2
/usr/share/doc
/usr/share/doc/phpmyadmin
/usr/share/doc/phpmyadmin/NEWS.Debian.gz
/usr/share/doc/phpmyadmin/changelog.gz
/usr/share/doc/phpmyadmin/Documentation.html
/usr/share/doc/phpmyadmin/README.Debian.gz
/usr/share/doc/phpmyadmin/translators.html
/usr/share/doc/phpmyadmin/docs.css
/usr/share/doc/phpmyadmin/TODO.Debian
/usr/share/doc/phpmyadmin/copyright
/usr/share/doc/phpmyadmin/examples
/usr/share/doc/phpmyadmin/examples/config.sample.inc.php
/usr/share/doc/phpmyadmin/examples/signon.php
/usr/share/doc/phpmyadmin/examples/config.manyhosts.inc.php
/usr/share/doc/phpmyadmin/examples/create_tables.sql.gz
/usr/share/doc/phpmyadmin/examples/upgrade_tables_mysql_4_1_2+.sql.gz
/usr/share/doc/phpmyadmin/changelog.Debian.gz
/usr/share/doc/phpmyadmin/Documentation.txt.gz
/usr/share/doc-base
/usr/share/doc-base/phpmyadmin
/usr/share/man
/usr/share/man/man8
/usr/share/man/man8/pma-secure.8.gz
/usr/share/man/man8/pma-configure.8.gz
/usr/sbin
/usr/sbin/pma-configure
/usr/sbin/pma-secure
/var
/var/lib
/var/lib/phpmyadmin
/usr/share/phpmyadmin/docs.css
/usr/share/phpmyadmin/js/mootools.js
/usr/share/phpmyadmin/js/mootools-more.js
/usr/share/phpmyadmin/translators.html
/usr/share/phpmyadmin/Documentation.html
bash#


7/ List ALL installed packages

bash# dpkg -l
Desired=Unknown/Install/Remove/Purge/Hold
| Status=Not/Inst/Conf-files/Unpacked/halF-conf/Half-inst/trig-aWait/Trig-pend
|/ Err?=(none)/Reinst-required (Status,Err: uppercase=bad)
||/ Name                                       Version                                    Description
+++-==========================================-==========================================-====================================================================================================
ii  adduser                                    3.112ubuntu1                               add and remove users and groups
ii  apache2                                    2.2.16-1ubuntu3                            Apache HTTP Server metapackage
ii  apache2-mpm-prefork                        2.2.16-1ubuntu3                            Apache HTTP Server - traditional non-threaded model
ii  apache2-utils                              2.2.16-1ubuntu3                            utility programs for webservers
ii  apache2.2-bin                              2.2.16-1ubuntu3                            Apache HTTP Server common binary files
ii  apache2.2-common                           2.2.16-1ubuntu3                            Apache HTTP Server common files
ii  apparmor                                   2.5.1-0ubuntu0.10.10.2                     User-space parser utility for AppArmor
ii  apparmor-utils                             2.5.1-0ubuntu0.10.10.2                     Utilities for controlling AppArmor
ii  apt                                        0.8.3ubuntu7                               Advanced front-end for dpkg
ii  apt-transport-https                        0.8.3ubuntu7                               APT https transport
ii  apt-utils                                  0.8.3ubuntu7                               APT utility programs
ii  apt-xapian-index                           0.39ubuntu1                                maintenance and search tools for a Xapian index of Debian packages
ii  aptitude                                   0.6.3-2ubuntu4                             terminal-based package manager (terminal interface only)
ii  apturl                                     0.4.1ubuntu7                               install packages using the apt protocol - GTK+ frontend
ii  apturl-common                              0.4.1ubuntu7                               install packages using the apt protocol - common data
ii  aspell                                     0.60.6-4ubuntu1                            GNU Aspell spell-checker
ii  aspell-en                                  6.0-0-5.1ubuntu3                           English dictionary for GNU Aspell
ii  at                                         3.1.12-1ubuntu2                            Delayed job execution and batch processing
ii  autoconf                                   2.67-2ubuntu1                              automatic configure script builder
ii  automake                                   1:1.11.1-1                                 A tool for generating GNU Standards-compliant Makefiles
ii  autotools-dev                              20100122.1                                 Update infrastructure for config.{guess,sub} files
ii  base-files                                 5.0.0ubuntu23                              Debian base system miscellaneous files
ii  base-passwd                                3.5.22                                     Debian base system master password and group files
ii  bash                                       4.1-2ubuntu4                               The GNU Bourne Again SHell
ii  bash-completion                            1:1.2-2ubuntu1                             programmable completion for the bash shell
ii  bind9-host                                 1:9.7.1.dfsg.P2-2                          Version of 'host' bundled with BIND 9.X
ii  binutils                                   2.20.51.20100908-0ubuntu2                  The GNU assembler, linker and binary utilities
ii  bsdmainutils                               8.0.11ubuntu1                              collection of more utilities from FreeBSD
ii  bsdutils                                   1:2.17.2-0ubuntu1                          Basic utilities from 4.4BSD-Lite
ii  busybox-initramfs                          1:1.15.3-1ubuntu5                          Standalone shell setup for initramfs
ii  busybox-static                             1:1.15.3-1ubuntu5                          Standalone rescue shell with tons of builtin utilities
ii  bzip2                                      1.0.5-4ubuntu1                             high-quality block-sorting file compressor - utilities
ii  ca-certificates                            20090814                                   Common CA certificates
ii  ca-certificates-java                       20100412                                   Common CA certificates (JKS keystore)
ii  command-not-found                          0.2.40ubuntu15                             Suggest installation of packages in interactive bash sessions
ii  command-not-found-data                     0.2.40ubuntu15                             Set of data files for command-not-found.
ii  console-setup                              1.34ubuntu15                               console font and keymap setup program
ii  console-terminus                           4.30-2                                     Fixed-width fonts for fast reading on the Linux console
ii  consolekit                                 0.4.1-4ubuntu1                             framework for defining and tracking users, sessions and seats
ii  coreutils                                  8.5-1ubuntu3                               GNU core utilities
ii  cpio                                       2.11-4ubuntu1                              GNU cpio -- a program to manage archives of files
ii  cpp                                        4:4.4.4-1ubuntu2                           The GNU C preprocessor (cpp)
ii  cpp-4.4                                    4.4.4-14ubuntu5                            The GNU C preprocessor
ii  cron                                       3.0pl1-114ubuntu1                          process scheduling daemon
ii  dash                                       0.5.5.1-7ubuntu1                           POSIX-compliant shell
ii  dbconfig-common                            1.8.46                                     common framework for packaging database applications
ii  dbus                                       1.4.0-0ubuntu1.1                           simple interprocess messaging system
ii  dbus-x11                                   1.4.0-0ubuntu1.1                           simple interprocess messaging system (X11 deps)
ii  debconf                                    1.5.32ubuntu3                              Debian configuration management system
ii  debconf-i18n                               1.5.32ubuntu3                              full internationalization support for debconf
ii  debianutils                                3.2.3                                      Miscellaneous utilities specific to Debian
ii  defoma                                     0.11.11ubuntu1                             Debian Font Manager -- automatic font configuration framework
ii  dhcp3-client                               3.1.3-2ubuntu6                             DHCP client
ii  dhcp3-common                               3.1.3-2ubuntu6                             common files used by all the dhcp3* packages
ii  dictionaries-common                        1.5.11ubuntu1                              Common utilities for spelling dictionary tools
ii  diffutils                                  1:3.0-1                                    File comparison utilities
ii  dmidecode                                  2.9-1.2                                    Dump Desktop Management Interface data
ii  dmsetup                                    2:1.02.39-1ubuntu6                         The Linux Kernel Device Mapper userspace library
ii  dnsutils                                   1:9.7.1.dfsg.P2-2                          Clients provided with BIND
ii  docbook-xml                                4.5-7                                      standard XML documentation system for software and systems
ii  dosfstools                                 3.0.9-1                                    utilities for making and checking MS-DOS FAT filesystems
ii  dpkg                                       1.15.8.4ubuntu3                            Debian package management system
ii  e2fslibs                                   1.41.12-1ubuntu2                           ext2/ext3/ext4 file system libraries
ii  e2fsprogs                                  1.41.12-1ubuntu2                           ext2/ext3/ext4 file system utilities
ii  ed                                         1.4-1build1                                The classic UNIX line editor
ii  eject                                      2.1.5+deb1+cvs20081104-7                   ejects CDs and operates CD-Changers under Linux
ii  eterm                                      0.9.5-2ubuntu1                             Enlightened Terminal Emulator
ii  file                                       5.03-5ubuntu1                              Determines file type using "magic" numbers
ii  findutils                                  4.4.2-1ubuntu1                             utilities for finding files--find, xargs
ii  firefox                                    3.6.13+build3+nobinonly-0ubuntu0.10.10.1   safe and easy web browser from Mozilla
ii  firefox-branding                           3.6.13+build3+nobinonly-0ubuntu0.10.10.1   Package that ships the firefox branding
ii  fluxbox                                    1.1.1+git20100807.0cc08f9-1                Highly configurable and low resource X11 Window manager
ii  fontconfig                                 2.8.0-2ubuntu1                             generic font configuration library - support binaries
ii  fontconfig-config                          2.8.0-2ubuntu1                             generic font configuration library - configuration
ii  friendly-recovery                          0.2.10                                     Make recovery more user-friendly
ii  ftp                                        0.17-23                                    The FTP client
ii  fuse-utils                                 2.8.4-1ubuntu1                             Filesystem in USErspace (utilities)
ii  gamin                                      0.1.10-1ubuntu3                            File and directory monitoring system
ii  gcc                                        4:4.4.4-1ubuntu2                           The GNU C compiler
ii  gcc-4.4                                    4.4.4-14ubuntu5                            The GNU C compiler
ii  gcc-4.4-base                               4.4.4-14ubuntu5                            The GNU Compiler Collection (base package)
ii  gcc-4.5-base                               4.5.1-7ubuntu2                             The GNU Compiler Collection (base package)
ii  gconf2                                     2.31.91-0ubuntu3.1                         GNOME configuration database system (support tools)
ii  gconf2-common                              2.31.91-0ubuntu3.1                         GNOME configuration database system (common files)
ii  geoip-database                             1.4.7~beta5+dfsg-1                         IP lookup command line tools that use the GeoIP library (country database)
ii  gettext-base                               0.18.1.1-1ubuntu2                          GNU Internationalization utilities for the base system
ii  ghostscript                                8.71.dfsg.2-0ubuntu7                       The GPL Ghostscript PostScript/PDF interpreter
ii  gir1.0-glib-2.0                            0.9.3-0ubuntu4                             Introspection data for GLib, GObject, Gio and GModule
ii  gksu                                       2.0.2-2ubuntu3                             graphical frontend to su
ii  gnome-icon-theme                           2.31.0-0ubuntu1                            GNOME Desktop icon theme
ii  gnome-keyring                              2.92.92.is.2.31.91-0ubuntu4.1              GNOME keyring services (daemon and tools)
ii  gnome-mime-data                            2.18.0-1                                   base MIME and Application database for GNOME.
ii  gnupg                                      1.4.10-2ubuntu2                            GNU privacy guard - a free PGP replacement
ii  gpgv                                       1.4.10-2ubuntu2                            GNU privacy guard - signature verification tool
ii  grep                                       2.6.3-3                                    GNU grep, egrep and fgrep
ii  groff-base                                 1.20.1-10                                  GNU troff text-formatting system (base system components)
ii  grub-common                                1.98+20100804-5ubuntu3                     GRand Unified Bootloader, version 2 (common files)
ii  grub-pc                                    1.98+20100804-5ubuntu3                     GRand Unified Bootloader, version 2 (PC/BIOS version)
ii  gsfonts                                    1:8.11+urwcyr1.0.7~pre44-4.2ubuntu1        Fonts for the Ghostscript interpreter(s)
ii  gvfs                                       1.6.4-0ubuntu1.1                           userspace virtual filesystem - server
ii  gvfs-backends                              1.6.4-0ubuntu1.1                           userspace virtual filesystem - backends
ii  gzip                                       1.3.12-9ubuntu1.1                          GNU compression utilities
ii  hdparm                                     9.27-2ubuntu2                              tune hard disk parameters for high performance
ii  hicolor-icon-theme                         0.11-1                                     default fallback theme for FreeDesktop.org icon themes
ii  hostname                                   3.04ubuntu1                                utility to set/show the host name or domain name
ii  hunspell-en-ca                             1:3.2.1-2ubuntu1                           English_canadian dictionary for hunspell
ii  hunspell-en-us                             20070829-4ubuntu1                          English_american dictionary for hunspell
ii  icedtea-6-jre-cacao                        6b20-1.9.2-0ubuntu2                        Alternative JVM for OpenJDK, using Cacao
ii  ifupdown                                   0.6.10ubuntu3                              high level tools to configure network interfaces
ii  indicator-application                      0.2.9-0ubuntu1                             Application Indicators
ii  info                                       4.13a.dfsg.1-5ubuntu1                      Standalone GNU Info documentation browser
ii  initramfs-tools                            0.98.1ubuntu6                              tools for generating an initramfs
ii  initramfs-tools-bin                        0.98.1ubuntu6                              binaries used by initramfs-tools
ii  initscripts                                2.87dsf-4ubuntu19                          scripts for initializing and shutting down the system
ii  insserv                                    1.14.0-2                                   Tool to organize boot sequence using LSB init.d script dependencies
ii  install-info                               4.13a.dfsg.1-5ubuntu1                      Manage installed documentation in info format
ii  installation-report                        2.39ubuntu4                                system installation report
ii  iproute                                    20100519-2                                 networking and traffic control tools
ii  iptables                                   1.4.4-2ubuntu3                             administration tools for packet filtering and NAT
ii  iputils-ping                               3:20100418-2ubuntu1                        Tools to test the reachability of network hosts
ii  iputils-tracepath                          3:20100418-2ubuntu1                        Tools to trace the network path to a remote host
ii  irqbalance                                 0.56-0ubuntu2                              Daemon to balance interrupts for SMP systems
ii  iso-codes                                  3.17-1                                     ISO language, territory, currency, script codes and their translations
ii  java-common                                0.38                                       Base of all Java packages
ii  javascript-common                          7                                          Base support for javascript library packages
ii  kbd                                        1.15-1ubuntu3                              Linux console font and keytable utilities
ii  klibc-utils                                1.5.20-1                                   small utilities built with klibc for early boot
ii  language-pack-en                           1:10.10+20100930                           translation updates for language English
ii  language-pack-en-base                      1:10.10+20100930                           translations for language English
ii  language-pack-gnome-en                     1:10.10+20100930                           GNOME translation updates for language English
ii  language-pack-gnome-en-base                1:10.10+20100930                           GNOME translations for language English
ii  language-selector-common                   0.6.6                                      Language selector for Ubuntu Linux
ii  language-support-en                        1:9.10+20090909                            metapackage for English language support
ii  language-support-writing-en                1:10.04+20100311                           Writing aids metapackage for English
ii  laptop-detect                              0.13.7ubuntu2                              attempt to detect a laptop
ii  launchpad-integration                      0.1.38                                     launchpad integration
ii  less                                       436-1                                      pager program similar to more
ii  libaccess-bridge-java                      1.26.2-5                                   Java Access Bridge for GNOME
ii  libaccess-bridge-java-jni                  1.26.2-5                                   Java Access Bridge for GNOME (jni bindings)
ii  libacl1                                    2.2.49-3                                   Access control list shared library
ii  libapache2-mod-php5                        5.3.3-1ubuntu9.3                           server-side, HTML-embedded scripting language (Apache 2 module)
ii  libapparmor-perl                           2.5.1-0ubuntu0.10.10.2                     AppArmor library Perl bindings
ii  libapparmor1                               2.5.1-0ubuntu0.10.10.2                     changehat AppArmor library
ii  libappindicator1                           0.2.9-0ubuntu1                             Application Indicators
ii  libapr1                                    1.4.2-3ubuntu1                             The Apache Portable Runtime Library
ii  libaprutil1                                1.3.9+dfsg-3build1                         The Apache Portable Runtime Utility Library
ii  libaprutil1-dbd-sqlite3                    1.3.9+dfsg-3build1                         The Apache Portable Runtime Utility Library - SQLite3 Driver
ii  libaprutil1-ldap                           1.3.9+dfsg-3build1                         The Apache Portable Runtime Utility Library - LDAP Driver
ii  libarchive1                                2.8.4-1                                    Single library to read/write tar, cpio, pax, zip, iso9660, etc.
ii  libart-2.0-2                               2.3.21-1                                   Library of functions for 2D graphics - runtime files
ii  libasound2                                 1.0.23-1ubuntu2.1                          shared library for ALSA applications
ii  libaspell15                                0.60.6-4ubuntu1                            GNU Aspell spell-checker runtime library
ii  libast2                                    0.7-3                                      the Library of Assorted Spiffy Things
ii  libatasmart4                               0.17+git20100219-2                         ATA S.M.A.R.T. reading and parsing library
ii  libatk1.0-0                                1.32.0-0ubuntu1                            The ATK accessibility toolkit
ii  libatk1.0-data                             1.32.0-0ubuntu1                            Common files for the ATK accessibility toolkit
ii  libatm1                                    1:2.5.1-1.2                                shared library for ATM (Asynchronous Transfer Mode)
ii  libattr1                                   1:2.4.44-2                                 Extended attribute shared library
ii  libavahi-client3                           0.6.27-2ubuntu3                            Avahi client library
ii  libavahi-common-data                       0.6.27-2ubuntu3                            Avahi common data files
ii  libavahi-common3                           0.6.27-2ubuntu3                            Avahi common library
ii  libavahi-glib1                             0.6.27-2ubuntu3                            Avahi glib integration library
ii  libbind9-60                                1:9.7.1.dfsg.P2-2                          BIND9 Shared Library used by BIND
ii  libblkid1                                  2.17.2-0ubuntu1                            block device id library
ii  libbluetooth3                              4.69-0ubuntu2                              Library to use the BlueZ Linux Bluetooth stack
ii  libbonobo2-0                               2.32.0-0ubuntu1                            Bonobo CORBA interfaces library
ii  libbonobo2-common                          2.32.0-0ubuntu1                            Bonobo CORBA interfaces library -- support files
ii  libbonoboui2-0                             2.24.3-1ubuntu1                            The Bonobo UI library
ii  libbonoboui2-common                        2.24.3-1ubuntu1                            The Bonobo UI library -- common files
ii  libboost-iostreams1.42.0                   1.42.0-3ubuntu1                            Boost.Iostreams Library
ii  libbsd0                                    0.2.0-1                                    utility functions from BSD systems - shared library
ii  libbz2-1.0                                 1.0.5-4ubuntu1                             high-quality block-sorting file compressor library - runtime
ii  libc-ares2                                 1.7.3-1                                    library for asyncronous name resolves
ii  libc-bin                                   2.12.1-0ubuntu10.1                         Embedded GNU C Library: Binaries
ii  libc-dev-bin                               2.12.1-0ubuntu10.1                         Embedded GNU C Library: Development binaries
ii  libc6                                      2.12.1-0ubuntu10.1                         Embedded GNU C Library: Shared libraries
ii  libc6-dev                                  2.12.1-0ubuntu10.1                         Embedded GNU C Library: Development Libraries and Header Files
ii  libcairo-perl                              1.070-1ubuntu1                             Perl interface to the Cairo graphics library
ii  libcairo2                                  1.10.0-1ubuntu3                            The Cairo 2D vector graphics library
ii  libcanberra0                               0.25-0ubuntu1                              a simple abstract interface for playing event sounds
ii  libcap-ng0                                 0.6.3-1                                    An alternate posix capabilities library
ii  libcap2                                    1:2.19-2                                   support for getting/setting POSIX.1e capabilities
ii  libcap2-bin                                1:2.19-2                                   basic utility programs for using capabilities
ii  libcdio-cdda0                              0.81-4                                     library to read and control digital audio CDs
ii  libcdio-paranoia0                          0.81-4                                     library to read digital audio CDs with error correction
ii  libcdio10                                  0.81-4                                     library to read and control CD-ROM
ii  libck-connector0                           0.4.1-4ubuntu1                             ConsoleKit libraries
ii  libclass-accessor-perl                     0.34-1                                     Perl module that automatically generates accessors
ii  libcomerr2                                 1.41.12-1ubuntu2                           common error description library
ii  libcroco3                                  0.6.2-1                                    a generic Cascading Style Sheet (CSS) parsing and manipulation toolkit
ii  libcups2                                   1.4.4-6ubuntu2.2                           Common UNIX Printing System(tm) - Core library
ii  libcupsimage2                              1.4.4-6ubuntu2.3                           Common UNIX Printing System(tm) - Raster image library
ii  libcurl3-gnutls                            7.21.0-1ubuntu1                            Multi-protocol file transfer library (GnuTLS)
ii  libcwidget3                                0.5.16-3ubuntu1                            high-level terminal interface library for C++ (runtime files)
ii  libdatrie1                                 0.2.3-1                                    Double-array trie library
ii  libdb4.8                                   4.8.30-1                                   Berkeley v4.8 Database Libraries [runtime]
ii  libdbd-mysql-perl                          4.016-1                                    Perl5 database interface to the MySQL database
ii  libdbi-perl                                1.611-1                                    Perl Database Interface (DBI)
ii  libdbus-1-3                                1.4.0-0ubuntu1                             simple interprocess messaging system
ii  libdbus-glib-1-2                           0.88-2                                     simple interprocess messaging system (GLib-based shared library)
ii  libdbusmenu-glib1                          0.3.16-0ubuntu1                            library for passing menus over DBus
ii  libdbusmenu-gtk1                           0.3.16-0ubuntu1                            library for passing menus over DBus - GTK+ version
ii  libdevmapper1.02.1                         2:1.02.39-1ubuntu6                         The Linux Kernel Device Mapper userspace library
ii  libdns66                                   1:9.7.1.dfsg.P2-2                          DNS Shared Library used by BIND
ii  libdrm-intel1                              2.4.21-1ubuntu2.1                          Userspace interface to intel-specific kernel DRM services -- runtime
ii  libdrm-nouveau1                            2.4.21-1ubuntu2.1                          Userspace interface to nouveau-specific kernel DRM services -- runtime
ii  libdrm-radeon1                             2.4.21-1ubuntu2.1                          Userspace interface to radeon-specific kernel DRM services -- runtime
ii  libdrm2                                    2.4.21-1ubuntu2.1                          Userspace interface to kernel DRM services -- runtime
ii  libedit2                                   2.11-20080614-1build1                      BSD editline and history libraries
ii  libeggdbus-1-0                             0.6-1                                      D-Bus bindings for GObject
ii  libelf1                                    0.147-2                                    library to read and write ELF files
ii  libenchant1c2a                             1.6.0-1                                    a wrapper library for various spell checker engines
ii  libept1                                    1.0.3                                      High-level library for managing Debian package information
ii  libevent-1.4-2                             1.4.13-stable-1                            An asynchronous event notification library
ii  libevent-core-1.4-2                        1.4.13-stable-1                            An asynchronous event notification library (core)
ii  libevent-dev                               1.4.13-stable-1                            Development libraries, header files and docs for libevent
ii  libevent-extra-1.4-2                       1.4.13-stable-1                            An asynchronous event notification library (extra)
ii  libexif12                                  0.6.19-1                                   library to parse EXIF files
ii  libexpat1                                  2.0.1-7ubuntu1                             XML parsing C library - runtime library
ii  libffi5                                    3.0.9-2ubuntu2                             Foreign Function Interface library runtime
ii  libflac8                                   1.2.1-3                                    Free Lossless Audio Codec - runtime C library
ii  libfont-afm-perl                           1.20-1                                     Font::AFM - Interface to Adobe Font Metrics files
ii  libfontconfig1                             2.8.0-2ubuntu1                             generic font configuration library - runtime
ii  libfontenc1                                1:1.0.5-2                                  X11 font encoding library
ii  libfreetype6                               2.4.2-2ubuntu0.1                           FreeType 2 font engine, shared library files
ii  libfribidi0                                0.19.2-1                                   Free Implementation of the Unicode BiDi algorithm
ii  libfuse2                                   2.8.4-1ubuntu1                             Filesystem in USErspace library
ii  libgail18                                  2.22.0-0ubuntu1                            GNOME Accessibility Implementation Library -- shared libraries
ii  libgamin0                                  0.1.10-1ubuntu3                            Client library for the gamin file and directory monitoring system
ii  libgc1c2                                   1:6.8-1.2ubuntu2                           conservative garbage collector for C and C++
ii  libgcc1                                    1:4.5.1-7ubuntu2                           GCC support library
ii  libgconf2-4                                2.31.91-0ubuntu3.1                         GNOME configuration database system (shared libraries)
ii  libgcr0                                    2.92.92.is.2.31.91-0ubuntu4.1              Library for Crypto UI related task - runtime
ii  libgcrypt11                                1.4.5-2ubuntu1                             LGPL Crypto library - runtime library
ii  libgd2-xpm                                 2.0.36~rc1~dfsg-3.2ubuntu1                 GD Graphics Library version 2
ii  libgdbm3                                   1.8.3-9                                    GNU dbm database routines (runtime version)
ii  libgdk-pixbuf2.0-0                         2.22.0-0ubuntu1                            GDK Pixbuf library
ii  libgdu0                                    2.30.1-2                                   GObject based Disk Utility Library
ii  libgeoip1                                  1.4.7~beta5+dfsg-1                         A non-DNS IP-to-country resolver library
ii  libgif4                                    4.1.6-9                                    library for GIF images (library)
ii  libgirepository1.0-1                       0.9.3-0ubuntu4                             Library for handling GObject introspection data (runtime library)
ii  libgksu2-0                                 2.0.13~pre1-1ubuntu5                       library providing su and sudo functionality
ii  libgl1-mesa-dri                            7.9~git20100924-0ubuntu2                   A free implementation of the OpenGL API -- DRI modules
ii  libgl1-mesa-glx                            7.9~git20100924-0ubuntu2                   A free implementation of the OpenGL API -- GLX runtime
ii  libglade2-0                                1:2.6.4-1build1                            library to load .glade files at runtime
ii  libglib-perl                               2:1.223-1                                  interface to the GLib and GObject libraries
ii  libglib2.0-0                               2.26.0-0ubuntu1                            The GLib library of C routines
ii  libgmp3c2                                  2:4.3.2+dfsg-1ubuntu1                      Multiprecision arithmetic library
ii  libgnome-keyring0                          2.31.92-0ubuntu1                           GNOME keyring services library
ii  libgnome2-0                                2.32.0-0ubuntu1                            The GNOME library - runtime files
ii  libgnome2-canvas-perl                      1.002-2build1                              Perl interface to the GNOME canvas library
ii  libgnome2-common                           2.32.0-0ubuntu1                            The GNOME library - common files
ii  libgnome2-perl                             1.042-2build1                              Perl interface to the GNOME libraries
ii  libgnome2-vfs-perl                         1.081-1build1                              Perl interface to the 2.x series of the GNOME VFS library
ii  libgnomecanvas2-0                          2.30.2-0ubuntu1                            A powerful object-oriented display - runtime files
ii  libgnomecanvas2-common                     2.30.2-0ubuntu1                            A powerful object-oriented display - common files
ii  libgnomeui-0                               2.24.4-0ubuntu1                            The GNOME libraries (User Interface) - runtime files
ii  libgnomeui-common                          2.24.4-0ubuntu1                            The GNOME libraries (User Interface) - common files
ii  libgnomevfs2-0                             1:2.24.3-1ubuntu1                          GNOME Virtual File System (runtime libraries)
ii  libgnomevfs2-common                        1:2.24.3-1ubuntu1                          GNOME Virtual File System (common files)
ii  libgnomevfs2-extra                         1:2.24.3-1ubuntu1                          GNOME Virtual File System (extra modules)
ii  libgnutls26                                2.8.6-1                                    the GNU TLS library - runtime library
ii  libgomp1                                   4.5.1-7ubuntu2                             GCC OpenMP (GOMP) support library
ii  libgp11-0                                  2.92.92.is.2.31.91-0ubuntu4.1              Glib wrapper library for PKCS#11 - runtime
ii  libgpg-error0                              1.6-1ubuntu2                               library for common error values and messages in GnuPG components
ii  libgphoto2-2                               2.4.8-0ubuntu2                             gphoto2 digital camera library
ii  libgphoto2-port0                           2.4.8-0ubuntu2                             gphoto2 digital camera port library
ii  libgpm2                                    1.20.4-3.3ubuntu1                          General Purpose Mouse - shared library
ii  libgs8                                     8.71.dfsg.2-0ubuntu7                       The Ghostscript PostScript/PDF interpreter Library
ii  libgssapi-krb5-2                           1.8.1+dfsg-5ubuntu0.1                      MIT Kerberos runtime libraries - krb5 GSS-API Mechanism
ii  libgstreamer-plugins-base0.10-0            0.10.30-2                                  GStreamer libraries from the "base" set
ii  libgstreamer0.10-0                         0.10.30-1build2                            Core GStreamer libraries and elements
ii  libgtk2-perl                               2:1.222-1                                  Perl interface to the 2.x series of the Gimp Toolkit library
ii  libgtk2.0-0                                2.22.0-0ubuntu1                            The GTK+ graphical user interface library
ii  libgtk2.0-bin                              2.22.0-0ubuntu1                            The programs for the GTK+ graphical user interface library
ii  libgtk2.0-common                           2.22.0-0ubuntu1                            Common files for the GTK+ graphical user interface library
ii  libgtop2-7                                 2.28.1-1                                   gtop system monitoring library (shared)
ii  libgtop2-common                            2.28.1-1                                   gtop system monitoring library (common)
ii  libgudev-1.0-0                             1:162-2.2                                  GObject-based wrapper library for libudev
ii  libgvfscommon0                             1.6.4-0ubuntu1.1                           userspace virtual filesystem - library
ii  libhtml-format-perl                        2.04-2                                     format HTML syntax trees into text, PostScript or RTF
ii  libhtml-parser-perl                        3.65-1                                     collection of modules that parse HTML text documents
ii  libhtml-tagset-perl                        3.20-2                                     Data tables pertaining to HTML
ii  libhtml-template-perl                      2.9-1                                      HTML::Template : A module for using HTML Templates with Perl
ii  libhtml-tree-perl                          3.23-2                                     Perl module to represent and create HTML syntax trees
ii  libhunspell-1.2-0                          1.2.11-1ubuntu1                            spell checker and morphological analyzer (shared library)
ii  libice6                                    2:1.0.6-1                                  X11 Inter-Client Exchange library
ii  libicu42                                   4.2.1-3                                    International Components for Unicode
ii  libid3tag0                                 0.15.1b-10build2                           ID3 tag reading library from the MAD project
ii  libidl0                                    0.8.14-0.1                                 library for parsing CORBA IDL files
ii  libidn11                                   1.18-1                                     GNU Libidn library, implementation of IETF IDN specifications
ii  libimlib2                                  1.4.2-8                                    powerful image loading and rendering library
ii  libimobiledevice1                          1.0.1-1                                    Library for communicating with the iPhone and iPod Touch
ii  libindicator1                              0.3.14-0ubuntu1                            panel indicator applet - shared library
ii  libio-string-perl                          1.08-2                                     Emulate IO::File interface for in-core strings
ii  libisc60                                   1:9.7.1.dfsg.P2-2                          ISC Shared Library used by BIND
ii  libisccc60                                 1:9.7.1.dfsg.P2-2                          Command Channel Library used by BIND
ii  libisccfg60                                1:9.7.1.dfsg.P2-2                          Config File Handling Library used by BIND
ii  libjack-jackd2-0                           1.9.5~dfsg-19ubuntu1                       JACK Audio Connection Kit (libraries)
ii  libjasper1                                 1.900.1-7                                  The JasPer JPEG-2000 runtime library
ii  libjpeg62                                  6b-16.1                                    The Independent JPEG Group's JPEG runtime library (version 6.2)
ii  libjs-mootools                             1.2.4.0~debian1-1                          compact JavaScript framework
ii  libjson-glib-1.0-0                         0.10.2-2ubuntu2                            GLib JSON manipulation library
ii  libk5crypto3                               1.8.1+dfsg-5ubuntu0.1                      MIT Kerberos runtime libraries - Crypto Library
ii  libkeyutils1                               1.4-1                                      Linux Key Management Utilities (library)
ii  libklibc                                   1.5.20-1                                   minimal libc subset for use with initramfs
ii  libkrb5-3                                  1.8.1+dfsg-5ubuntu0.1                      MIT Kerberos runtime libraries
ii  libkrb5support0                            1.8.1+dfsg-5ubuntu0.1                      MIT Kerberos runtime libraries - Support library
ii  liblaunchpad-integration1                  0.1.38                                     library for launchpad integration
ii  liblcms1                                   1.18.dfsg-1ubuntu2                         Color management library
ii  libldap-2.4-2                              2.4.23-0ubuntu3.3                          OpenLDAP libraries
ii  liblocale-gettext-perl                     1.05-6                                     Using libc functions for internationalization in Perl
ii  liblockfile1                               1.08-4                                     NFS-safe locking library, includes dotlockfile program
ii  liblqr-1-0                                 0.4.1-1                                    converts plain array images into multi-size representation
ii  libltdl7                                   2.2.6b-2ubuntu1                            A system independent dlopen wrapper for GNU libtool
ii  liblua5.1-0                                5.1.4-5                                    Simple, extensible, embeddable programming language
ii  liblwres60                                 1:9.7.1.dfsg.P2-2                          Lightweight Resolver Library used by BIND
ii  liblzma2                                   4.999.9beta+20100527-1                     XZ-format compression library
ii  libmagic1                                  5.03-5ubuntu1                              File type determination library using "magic" numbers
ii  libmagickcore3                             7:6.6.2.6-1ubuntu1.1                       low-level image manipulation library
ii  libmagickwand3                             7:6.6.2.6-1ubuntu1.1                       image manipulation library
ii  libmailtools-perl                          2.06-1                                     Manipulate email in perl programs
ii  libmcrypt4                                 2.5.8-3.1                                  De-/Encryption Library
ii  libmpfr4                                   3.0.0-2                                    multiple precision floating-point computation
ii  libmysqlclient16                           5.1.49-1ubuntu8.1                          MySQL database client library
ii  libncurses5                                5.7+20100626-0ubuntu1                      shared libraries for terminal handling
ii  libncursesw5                               5.7+20100626-0ubuntu1                      shared libraries for terminal handling (wide character support)
ii  libneon27-gnutls                           0.29.3-2                                   An HTTP and WebDAV client library (GnuTLS enabled)
ii  libnet-daemon-perl                         0.43-1                                     Perl module for building portable Perl daemons easily
ii  libnewt0.52                                0.52.11-1                                  Not Erik's Windowing Toolkit - text mode windowing with slang
ii  libnih-dbus1                               1.0.2-1ubuntu2                             NIH D-Bus Bindings Library
ii  libnih1                                    1.0.2-1ubuntu2                             NIH Utility Library
ii  libnspr4-0d                                4.8.6-0ubuntu1                             NetScape Portable Runtime Library
ii  libnss3-1d                                 3.12.8-0ubuntu0.10.10.1                    Network Security Service libraries
ii  libntfs-3g79                               1:2010.8.8-0ubuntu1                        ntfs-3g filesystem in userspace (FUSE) library
ii  libntfs10                                  2.0.0-1ubuntu4                             library that provides common NTFS access functions
ii  libogg0                                    1.2.0~dfsg-1                               Ogg bitstream library
ii  libopenobex1                               1.5-2build1                                OBEX protocol library
ii  liborbit2                                  1:2.14.18-0.1                              libraries for ORBit2 - a CORBA ORB
ii  libpam-ck-connector                        0.4.1-4ubuntu1                             ConsoleKit PAM module
ii  libpam-gnome-keyring                       2.92.92.is.2.31.91-0ubuntu4.1              PAM module to unlock the GNOME keyring upon login
ii  libpam-modules                             1.1.1-4ubuntu2                             Pluggable Authentication Modules for PAM
ii  libpam-runtime                             1.1.1-4ubuntu2                             Runtime support for the PAM library
ii  libpam0g                                   1.1.1-4ubuntu2                             Pluggable Authentication Modules library
ii  libpango-perl                              1.221-2                                    Perl module to layout and render international text
ii  libpango1.0-0                              1.28.1-1ubuntu3                            Layout and rendering of internationalized text
ii  libpango1.0-common                         1.28.1-1ubuntu3                            Modules and configuration files for the Pango
ii  libpaper-utils                             1.1.24                                     library for handling paper characteristics (utilities)
ii  libpaper1                                  1.1.24                                     library for handling paper characteristics
ii  libparse-debianchangelog-perl              1.1.1-2ubuntu2                             parse Debian changelogs and output them in other formats
ii  libparted0debian1                          2.3-2ubuntu1                               The GNU Parted disk partitioning shared library
ii  libpcap0.8                                 1.1.1-2                                    system interface for user-level packet capture
ii  libpci3                                    1:3.1.7-4ubuntu2                           Linux PCI Utilities (shared library)
ii  libpcre3                                   8.02-1                                     Perl 5 Compatible Regular Expression Library - runtime files
ii  libpcre3-dev                               8.02-1                                     Perl 5 Compatible Regular Expression Library - development files
ii  libpcrecpp0                                8.02-1                                     Perl 5 Compatible Regular Expression Library - C++ runtime files
ii  libperl5.10                                5.10.1-12ubuntu2                           shared Perl library
ii  libpixman-1-0                              0.18.4-1                                   pixel-manipulation library for X and cairo
ii  libplist1                                  1.3-1                                      Library for handling Apple binary and XML property lists
ii  libplrpc-perl                              0.2020-2                                   Perl extensions for writing PlRPC servers and clients
ii  libplymouth2                               0.8.2-2ubuntu5.1                           graphical boot animation and logger - shared libraries
ii  libpng12-0                                 1.2.44-1                                   PNG library - runtime
ii  libpolkit-agent-1-0                        0.96-2ubuntu1                              PolicyKit Authentication Agent API
ii  libpolkit-backend-1-0                      0.96-2ubuntu1                              PolicyKit backend API
ii  libpolkit-gobject-1-0                      0.96-2ubuntu1                              PolicyKit Authorization API
ii  libpopt0                                   1.16-1                                     lib for parsing cmdline parameters
ii  libportaudio2                              19+svn20100802-0ubuntu1                    Portable audio I/O - shared library
ii  libproxy0                                  0.3.1-1ubuntu1                             automatic proxy configuration management library (shared)
ii  libpulse0                                  1:0.9.22~0.9.21+stable-queue-32-g8478-0ubu PulseAudio client libraries
ii  libpython2.6                               2.6.6-5ubuntu1                             Shared Python runtime library (version 2.6)
ii  librarian0                                 0.8.1-4.1                                  Documentation meta-data library (library package)
ii  libreadline5                               5.2-7build1                                GNU readline and history libraries, run-time libraries
ii  libreadline6                               6.1-3                                      GNU readline and history libraries, run-time libraries
ii  librpc-xml-perl                            0.73-1                                     Perl module implementation of XML-RPC
ii  librsvg2-2                                 2.32.0-0ubuntu1                            SAX-based renderer library for SVG files (runtime)
ii  librsvg2-common                            2.32.0-0ubuntu1                            SAX-based renderer library for SVG files (extra runtime)
ii  libruby1.8                                 1.8.7.299-2                                Libraries necessary to run Ruby 1.8
ii  libsasl2-2                                 2.1.23.dfsg1-5ubuntu2                      Cyrus SASL - authentication abstraction library
ii  libsasl2-modules                           2.1.23.dfsg1-5ubuntu2                      Cyrus SASL - pluggable authentication modules
ii  libselinux1                                2.0.94-1                                   SELinux runtime shared libraries
ii  libsepol1                                  2.0.41-1                                   SELinux library for manipulating binary security policies
ii  libsgutils2-2                              1.29-1                                     utilities for devices using the SCSI command set (shared libraries)
ii  libsigc++-2.0-0c2a                         2.2.4.2-1                                  type-safe Signal Framework for C++ - runtime
ii  libslang2                                  2.2.2-4ubuntu1                             The S-Lang programming library - runtime version
ii  libsm6                                     2:1.1.1-1                                  X11 Session Management library
ii  libsmbclient                               2:3.5.4~dfsg-1ubuntu8.2                    shared library for communication with SMB/CIFS servers
ii  libsmi2ldbl                                0.4.8+dfsg2-2                              library to access SMI MIB information
ii  libsndfile1                                1.0.21-2                                   Library for reading/writing audio files
ii  libsoup-gnome2.4-1                         2.31.92-0ubuntu1                           an HTTP library implementation in C -- GNOME support library
ii  libsoup2.4-1                               2.31.92-0ubuntu1                           an HTTP library implementation in C -- Shared library
ii  libsqlite3-0                               3.7.2-1                                    SQLite 3 shared library
ii  libss2                                     1.41.12-1ubuntu2                           command-line interface parsing library
ii  libssl-dev                                 0.9.8o-1ubuntu4.3                          SSL development libraries, header files and documentation
ii  libssl0.9.8                                0.9.8o-1ubuntu4.3                          SSL shared libraries
ii  libstartup-notification0                   0.10-1build1                               library for program launch feedback (shared library)
ii  libstdc++6                                 4.5.1-7ubuntu2                             The GNU Standard C++ Library v3
ii  libsub-name-perl                           0.04-1build1                               Assigns a new name to referenced sub
ii  libsvn1                                    1.6.12dfsg-1ubuntu1                        Shared libraries used by Subversion
ii  libt1-5                                    5.1.2-3build1                              Type 1 font rasterizer library - runtime
ii  libtalloc2                                 2.0.1-1                                    hierarchical pool based memory allocator
ii  libtasn1-3                                 2.7-1                                      Manage ASN.1 structures (runtime)
ii  libtdb1                                    1.2.1-2                                    Trivial Database - shared library
ii  libterm-readkey-perl                       2.30-4build1                               A perl module for simple terminal control
ii  libtext-charwidth-perl                     0.04-6                                     get display widths of characters on the terminal
ii  libtext-iconv-perl                         1.7-2                                      converts between character sets in Perl
ii  libtext-wrapi18n-perl                      0.06-7                                     internationalized substitute of Text::Wrap
ii  libthai-data                               0.1.14-2                                   Data files for Thai language support library
ii  libthai0                                   0.1.14-2                                   Thai language support library
ii  libtiff4                                   3.9.4-2                                    Tag Image File Format (TIFF) library
ii  libtimedate-perl                           1.2000-1                                   collection of modules to manipulate date/time information
ii  libudev0                                   162-2.1                                    udev library
ii  liburi-perl                                1.54-1                                     module to manipulate and access URI strings
ii  libusb-0.1-4                               2:0.1.12-15ubuntu2                         userspace USB programming library
ii  libusb-1.0-0                               2:1.0.8-2                                  userspace USB programming library
ii  libusbmuxd1                                1.0.4-1                                    USB multiplexor daemon for iPhone and iPod Touch devices - library
ii  libuuid1                                   2.17.2-0ubuntu1                            Universally Unique ID library
ii  libvorbis0a                                1.3.1-1                                    The Vorbis General Audio Compression Codec (Decoder library)
ii  libvorbisenc2                              1.3.1-1                                    The Vorbis General Audio Compression Codec (Encoder library)
ii  libvorbisfile3                             1.3.1-1                                    The Vorbis General Audio Compression Codec (High Level API)
ii  libvte-common                              1:0.26.0-0ubuntu2                          Terminal emulator widget for GTK+ 2.0 - common files
ii  libvte9                                    1:0.26.0-0ubuntu2                          Terminal emulator widget for GTK+ 2.0 - runtime files
ii  libwbclient0                               2:3.5.4~dfsg-1ubuntu8.2                    Samba winbind client library
ii  libwebkit-1.0-2                            1.2.5-0ubuntu0.10.10.1                     Web content engine library for Gtk+
ii  libwebkit-1.0-common                       1.2.5-0ubuntu0.10.10.1                     Web content engine library for Gtk+ - data files
ii  libwrap0                                   7.6.q-19                                   Wietse Venema's TCP wrappers library
ii  libwww-perl                                5.836-1                                    Perl HTTP/WWW client/server library
ii  libx11-6                                   2:1.3.3-3ubuntu1                           X11 client-side library
ii  libx11-data                                2:1.3.3-3ubuntu1                           X11 client-side library
ii  libx11-xcb1                                2:1.3.3-3ubuntu1                           Xlib/XCB interface library
ii  libxapian15                                1.0.20-2                                   Search engine library
ii  libxau6                                    1:1.0.6-1                                  X11 authorisation library
ii  libxaw7                                    2:1.0.7-1                                  X11 Athena Widget library
ii  libxcb-atom1                               0.3.6-1build1                              utility libraries for X C Binding -- atom
ii  libxcb-aux0                                0.3.6-1build1                              utility libraries for X C Binding -- aux
ii  libxcb-event1                              0.3.6-1build1                              utility libraries for X C Binding -- event
ii  libxcb-render0                             1.6-1                                      X C Binding, render extension
ii  libxcb-shm0                                1.6-1                                      X C Binding, shm extension
ii  libxcb1                                    1.6-1                                      X C Binding
ii  libxcomposite1                             1:0.4.2-1                                  X11 Composite extension library
ii  libxcursor1                                1:1.1.10-2                                 X cursor management library
ii  libxdamage1                                1:1.1.3-1                                  X11 damaged region extension library
ii  libxdmcp6                                  1:1.0.3-2                                  X11 Display Manager Control Protocol library
ii  libxext6                                   2:1.1.2-1                                  X11 miscellaneous extension library
ii  libxfixes3                                 1:4.0.5-1                                  X11 miscellaneous 'fixes' extension library
ii  libxfont1                                  1:1.4.2-1                                  X11 font rasterisation library
ii  libxft2                                    2.1.14-2ubuntu1                            FreeType-based font drawing library for X
ii  libxi6                                     2:1.3-4                                    X11 Input extension library
ii  libxinerama1                               2:1.1-3                                    X11 Xinerama extension library
ii  libxml-parser-perl                         2.36-1.1build3                             Perl module for parsing XML files
ii  libxml2                                    2.7.7.dfsg-4ubuntu0.1                      GNOME XML library
ii  libxml2-dev                                2.7.7.dfsg-4ubuntu0.1                      Development files for the GNOME XML library
ii  libxmu6                                    2:1.0.5-1                                  X11 miscellaneous utility library
ii  libxmuu1                                   2:1.0.5-1                                  X11 miscellaneous micro-utility library
ii  libxpm4                                    1:3.5.8-1                                  X11 pixmap library
ii  libxrandr2                                 2:1.3.0-3                                  X11 RandR extension library
ii  libxrender1                                1:0.9.6-1                                  X Rendering Extension client library
ii  libxslt1.1                                 1.1.26-6                                   XSLT 1.0 processing library - runtime library
ii  libxt6                                     1:1.0.7-1                                  X11 toolkit intrinsics library
ii  libxtst6                                   2:1.1.0-3                                  X11 Testing -- Record extension library
ii  libxv1                                     2:1.0.5-1                                  X11 Video extension library
ii  libxxf86dga1                               2:1.1.1-2                                  X11 Direct Graphics Access extension library
ii  libxxf86vm1                                1:1.1.0-2                                  X11 XFree86 video mode extension library
ii  linux-firmware                             1.38                                       Firmware for Linux kernel drivers
ii  linux-generic                              2.6.35.22.23                               Complete Generic Linux kernel
ii  linux-headers-2.6.35-22                    2.6.35-22.35                               Header files related to Linux kernel version 2.6.35
ii  linux-headers-2.6.35-22-generic            2.6.35-22.35                               Linux kernel headers for version 2.6.35 on x86/x86_64
ii  linux-headers-generic                      2.6.35.22.23                               Generic Linux kernel headers
ii  linux-image-2.6.35-22-generic              2.6.35-22.35                               Linux kernel image for version 2.6.35 on x86/x86_64
ii  linux-image-generic                        2.6.35.22.23                               Generic Linux kernel image
ii  linux-libc-dev                             2.6.35-1024.42                             Linux Kernel Headers for development
ii  locales                                    2.13+git20100825-1                         common files for locale support
ii  lockfile-progs                             0.1.15                                     Programs for locking and unlocking files and mailboxes
ii  login                                      1:4.1.4.2-1ubuntu3                         system login tools
ii  logrotate                                  3.7.8-6ubuntu1                             Log rotation utility
ii  lsb-base                                   4.0-0ubuntu8                               Linux Standard Base 4.0 init script functionality
ii  lsb-release                                4.0-0ubuntu8                               Linux Standard Base version reporting utility
ii  lshw                                       02.14-1build1                              information about hardware configuration
ii  lsof                                       4.81.dfsg.1-1build1                        List open files
ii  ltrace                                     0.5.3-2ubuntu6                             Tracks runtime library calls in dynamically linked programs
ii  m4                                         1.4.14-3                                   a macro processing language
ii  make                                       3.81-8                                     An utility for Directing compilation.
ii  makedev                                    2.3.1-89ubuntu1                            creates device files in /dev
ii  man-db                                     2.5.7-4                                    on-line manual pager
ii  manpages                                   3.24-1ubuntu1                              Manual pages about using a GNU/Linux system
ii  manpages-dev                               3.24-1ubuntu1                              Manual pages about using GNU/Linux for development
ii  mawk                                       1.3.3-15ubuntu2                            a pattern scanning and text processing language
ii  memtest86+                                 4.10-1ubuntu2                              thorough real-mode memory tester
ii  menu                                       2.1.44ubuntu1                              generates programs menu for all menu-aware applications
ii  mime-support                               3.48-1ubuntu2                              MIME files 'mime.types' & 'mailcap', and support programs
ii  mlocate                                    0.22.2-1ubuntu1                            quickly find files on the filesystem based on their name
ii  module-init-tools                          3.12-1ubuntu2                              tools for managing Linux kernel modules
ii  mount                                      2.17.2-0ubuntu1                            Tools for mounting and manipulating filesystems
ii  mountall                                   2.19                                       filesystem mounting tool
ii  mtools                                     4.0.12-1                                   Tools for manipulating MSDOS files
ii  mtr-tiny                                   0.75-2build1                               Full screen ncurses traceroute tool
ii  myspell-en-au                              2.1-5                                      English_australian dictionary for myspell
ii  myspell-en-gb                              1:3.2.1-2ubuntu1                           English_british dictionary for myspell
ii  myspell-en-za                              1:3.2.1-2ubuntu1                           English_southafrican dictionary for myspell
ii  mysql-client-5.1                           5.1.49-1ubuntu8.1                          MySQL database client binaries
ii  mysql-client-core-5.1                      5.1.49-1ubuntu8.1                          MySQL database core client binaries
ii  mysql-common                               5.1.49-1ubuntu8.1                          MySQL database common files, e.g. /etc/mysql/my.cnf
ii  mysql-server                               5.1.49-1ubuntu8.1                          MySQL database server (metapackage depending on the latest version)
ii  mysql-server-5.1                           5.1.49-1ubuntu8.1                          MySQL database server binaries and system database setup
ii  mysql-server-core-5.1                      5.1.49-1ubuntu8.1                          MySQL database server binaries
ii  nano                                       2.2.4-1                                    small, friendly text editor inspired by Pico
ii  ncurses-base                               5.7+20100626-0ubuntu1                      basic terminal type definitions
ii  ncurses-bin                                5.7+20100626-0ubuntu1                      terminal-related programs and man pages
ii  net-tools                                  1.60-23ubuntu3                             The NET-3 networking toolkit
ii  netbase                                    4.35ubuntu3                                Basic TCP/IP networking system
ii  netcat-openbsd                             1.89-3ubuntu2                              TCP/IP swiss army knife
ii  ntfs-3g                                    1:2010.8.8-0ubuntu1                        read-write NTFS driver for FUSE
ii  ntfsprogs                                  2.0.0-1ubuntu4                             tools for doing neat things in NTFS partitions from Linux
ii  ntpdate                                    1:4.2.4p8+dfsg-1ubuntu6                    client for setting system time from NTP servers
ii  obex-data-server                           0.4.5-1build1                              D-Bus service for OBEX client and server side functionality
ii  openjdk-6-jre                              6b20-1.9.2-0ubuntu2                        OpenJDK Java runtime, using Hotspot JIT
ii  openjdk-6-jre-headless                     6b20-1.9.2-0ubuntu2                        OpenJDK Java runtime, using Hotspot JIT (headless)
ii  openjdk-6-jre-lib                          6b20-1.9.2-0ubuntu2                        OpenJDK Java runtime (architecture independent libraries)
ii  openssh-client                             1:5.5p1-4ubuntu4                           secure shell (SSH) client, for secure access to remote machines
ii  openssh-server                             1:5.5p1-4ubuntu4                           secure shell (SSH) server, for secure access from remote machines
ii  openssl                                    0.9.8o-1ubuntu4.2                          Secure Socket Layer (SSL) binary and related cryptographic tools
ii  os-prober                                  1.39                                       utility to detect other OSes on a set of drives
ii  parted                                     2.3-2ubuntu1                               The GNU Parted disk partition resizing program
ii  passwd                                     1:4.1.4.2-1ubuntu3                         change and administer password and group data
ii  pciutils                                   1:3.1.7-4ubuntu2                           Linux PCI Utilities
ii  perl                                       5.10.1-12ubuntu2                           Larry Wall's Practical Extraction and Report Language
ii  perl-base                                  5.10.1-12ubuntu2                           minimal Perl system
ii  perl-modules                               5.10.1-12ubuntu2                           Core Perl modules
ii  php5-cli                                   5.3.3-1ubuntu9.3                           command-line interpreter for the php5 scripting language
ii  php5-common                                5.3.3-1ubuntu9.3                           Common files for packages built from the php5 source
ii  php5-gd                                    5.3.3-1ubuntu9.3                           GD module for php5
ii  php5-mcrypt                                5.3.3-0ubuntu2                             MCrypt module for php5
ii  php5-mysql                                 5.3.3-1ubuntu9.3                           MySQL module for php5
rc  phpmyadmin                                 4:3.3.7-3build0.10.10.1                    MySQL web administration tool
ii  plymouth                                   0.8.2-2ubuntu5.1                           graphical boot animation and logger - main package
ii  plymouth-theme-ubuntu-text                 0.8.2-2ubuntu5.1                           graphical boot animation and logger - ubuntu-logo theme
ii  policykit-1                                0.96-2ubuntu1                              framework for managing administrative policies and privileges
ii  policykit-1-gnome                          0.96-2ubuntu4                              GNOME authentication agent for PolicyKit-1
ii  popularity-contest                         1.48ubuntu1                                Vote for your favourite packages automatically
ii  powermgmt-base                             1.31                                       Common utils and configs for power management
ii  ppp                                        2.4.5~git20081126t100229-0ubuntu4          Point-to-Point Protocol (PPP) - daemon
ii  pppconfig                                  2.3.18ubuntu2                              A text menu based utility for configuring ppp
ii  pppoeconf                                  1.19ubuntu1                                configures PPPoE/ADSL connections
ii  procps                                     1:3.2.8-9ubuntu3                           /proc file system utilities
ii  psmisc                                     22.11-1                                    utilities that use the proc file system
ii  python                                     2.6.6-2ubuntu1                             interactive high-level object-oriented language (default version)
ii  python-apt                                 0.7.96.1ubuntu11                           Python interface to libapt-pkg
ii  python-cairo                               1.8.8-1                                    Python bindings for the Cairo vector graphics library
ii  python-central                             0.6.15ubuntu2                              register and build utility for Python packages
ii  python-dbus                                0.83.0-1ubuntu3                            simple interprocess messaging system (Python interface)
ii  python-debian                              0.1.16ubuntu1                              Python modules to work with Debian-related data formats
ii  python-gdbm                                2.6.6-0ubuntu1                             GNU dbm database support for Python
ii  python-glade2                              2.21.0-0ubuntu1                            GTK+ bindings: Glade support
ii  python-gnupginterface                      0.3.2-9.1                                  Python interface to GnuPG (GPG)
ii  python-gobject                             2.21.5-0ubuntu3                            Python bindings for the GObject library
ii  python-gobject-cairo                       2.21.5-0ubuntu3                            Python Cairo bindings for the GObject library
ii  python-gtk2                                2.21.0-0ubuntu1                            Python bindings for the GTK+ widget set
ii  python-minimal                             2.6.6-2ubuntu1                             minimal subset of the Python language (default version)
ii  python-software-properties                 0.76.7                                     manage the repositories that you install software from
ii  python-support                             1.0.9ubuntu1                               automated rebuilding support for Python modules
ii  python-vte                                 1:0.26.0-0ubuntu2                          Python bindings for the VTE widget set
ii  python-webkit                              1.1.8-0ubuntu2                             WebKit/Gtk Python bindings
ii  python-xapian                              1.0.20-1                                   Xapian search engine interface for Python
ii  python2.6                                  2.6.6-5ubuntu1                             An interactive high-level object-oriented language (version 2.6)
ii  python2.6-minimal                          2.6.6-5ubuntu1                             A minimal subset of the Python language (version 2.6)
ii  rarian-compat                              0.8.1-4.1                                  Documentation meta-data library (compatibility tools)
ii  readline-common                            6.1-3                                      GNU readline and history libraries, common files
ii  rsync                                      3.0.7-2ubuntu1                             fast remote file copy program (like rcp)
ii  rsyslog                                    4.2.0-2ubuntu8                             enhanced multi-threaded syslogd
ii  sed                                        4.2.1-7                                    The GNU sed stream editor
ii  sensible-utils                             0.0.4ubuntu1                               Utilities for sensible alternative selection
ii  sgml-base                                  1.26                                       SGML infrastructure and SGML catalog file support
ii  sgml-data                                  2.0.4                                      common SGML and XML data
ii  shared-mime-info                           0.71-3                                     FreeDesktop.org shared MIME database and spec
ii  software-properties-gtk                    0.76.7                                     manage the repositories that you install software from
ii  ssl-cert                                   1.0.26                                     simple debconf wrapper for OpenSSL
ii  strace                                     4.5.20-2ubuntu2                            A system call tracer
ii  subversion                                 1.6.12dfsg-1ubuntu1                        Advanced version control system
ii  sudo                                       1.7.2p7-1ubuntu2                           Provide limited super user privileges to specific users
ii  synaptic                                   0.63.1ubuntu14                             Graphical package manager
ii  sysv-rc                                    2.87dsf-4ubuntu19                          System-V-like runlevel change mechanism
ii  sysvinit-utils                             2.87dsf-4ubuntu19                          System-V-like utilities
ii  tar                                        1.23-2                                     GNU version of the tar archiving utility
ii  tasksel                                    2.81ubuntu1                                Tool for selecting tasks for installation on Debian systems
ii  tasksel-data                               2.81ubuntu1                                Official tasks used for installation of Debian systems
ii  tcl8.4                                     8.4.19-4                                   Tcl (the Tool Command Language) v8.4 - run-time files
ii  tcpd                                       7.6.q-19                                   Wietse Venema's TCP wrapper utilities
ii  tcpdump                                    4.1.1-1ubuntu2                             A powerful tool for network monitoring and data acquisition
ii  telnet                                     0.17-36build1                              The telnet client
ii  tightvncserver                             1.3.9-6.1                                  virtual network computing server software
ii  time                                       1.7-23ubuntu1                              The GNU time program for measuring cpu resource usage
ii  tree                                       1.5.3-1                                    displays directory tree, in color
ii  ttf-dejavu-core                            2.31-1                                     Vera font family derivate with additional characters
ii  ttf-dejavu-extra                           2.31-1                                     Vera font family derivate with additional characters
ii  tzdata                                     2010o-0ubuntu0.10.10                       time zone and daylight-saving time data
ii  tzdata-java                                2010o-0ubuntu0.10.10                       time zone and daylight-saving time data for use by java runtimes
ii  ubufox                                     0.9~rc2-0ubuntu5.1                         transitional dummy package
ii  ubuntu-keyring                             2010.+09.30                                GnuPG keys of the Ubuntu archive
ii  ubuntu-minimal                             1.207                                      Minimal core of Ubuntu
ii  ubuntu-standard                            1.207                                      The Ubuntu standard system
ii  ucf                                        3.0025                                     Update Configuration File: preserve user changes to config files.
ii  udev                                       162-2.1                                    rule-based device node and kernel event manager
ii  udisks                                     1.0.1+git20100614-3                        abstraction for enumerating block devices
ii  ufw                                        0.30.0-1ubuntu2                            program for managing a Netfilter firewall
ii  unattended-upgrades                        0.62ubuntu1                                automatic installation of security upgrades
ii  unzip                                      6.0-4                                      De-archiver for .zip files
ii  update-manager-core                        1:0.142.20                                 manage release upgrades
ii  upstart                                    0.6.6-3                                    event-based init daemon
ii  ureadahead                                 0.100.0-8                                  Read required files in advance
ii  usbmuxd                                    1.0.4-1                                    USB multiplexor daemon for iPhone and iPod Touch devices
ii  usbutils                                   0.87-4                                     Linux USB utilities
ii  util-linux                                 2.17.2-0ubuntu1                            Miscellaneous system utilities
ii  uuid-runtime                               2.17.2-0ubuntu1                            runtime components for the Universally Unique ID library
ii  vim                                        2:7.2.330-1ubuntu4                         Vi IMproved - enhanced vi editor
ii  vim-common                                 2:7.2.330-1ubuntu4                         Vi IMproved - Common files
ii  vim-gtk                                    2:7.2.330-1ubuntu4                         Vi IMproved - enhanced vi editor - with GTK2 GUI
ii  vim-gui-common                             2:7.2.330-1ubuntu4                         Vi IMproved - Common GUI files
ii  vim-runtime                                2:7.2.330-1ubuntu4                         Vi IMproved - Runtime files
ii  vim-tiny                                   2:7.2.330-1ubuntu4                         Vi IMproved - enhanced vi editor - compact version
ii  w3m                                        0.5.2-6                                    WWW browsable pager with excellent tables/frames support
ii  wamerican                                  6-3                                        American English dictionary words for /usr/share/dict
ii  wbritish                                   6-3                                        British English dictionary words for /usr/share/dict
ii  wget                                       1.12-1.1ubuntu3                            retrieves files from the web
ii  whiptail                                   0.52.11-1                                  Displays user-friendly dialog boxes from shell scripts
ii  wireless-crda                              1.12                                       Wireless Central Regulatory Domain Agent
ii  wireshark                                  1.2.11-4build0.10.10.1                     network traffic analyzer - GTK+ version
ii  wireshark-common                           1.2.11-4build0.10.10.1                     network traffic analyzer - common files
ii  wwwconfig-common                           0.2.1                                      Debian web auto configuration
ii  x-ttcidfont-conf                           32                                         TrueType and CID fonts configuration for X
ii  x11-common                                 1:7.5+6ubuntu3                             X Window System (X.Org) infrastructure
ii  x11-utils                                  7.5+4                                      X11 utilities
ii  x11-xserver-utils                          7.5+2ubuntu1                               X server utilities
ii  xauth                                      1:1.0.4-1                                  X authentication utility
ii  xfonts-base                                1:1.0.1                                    standard fonts for X
ii  xfonts-encodings                           1:1.0.3-1                                  Encodings for X.Org fonts
ii  xfonts-terminus                            4.30-2                                     Fixed-width fonts for fast reading
ii  xfonts-utils                               1:7.5+2                                    X Window System font utility programs
ii  xkb-data                                   1.8-1ubuntu8                               X Keyboard Extension (XKB) configuration data
ii  xml-core                                   0.13                                       XML infrastructure and XML catalog file support
ii  xul-ext-ubufox                             0.9~rc2-0ubuntu5.1                         Ubuntu-specific configuration defaults and apt support for Firefox
ii  xz-utils                                   4.999.9beta+20100527-1                     XZ-format compression utilities
ii  zlib1g                                     1:1.2.3.4.dfsg-3ubuntu1                    compression library - runtime
ii  zlib1g-dev                                 1:1.2.3.4.dfsg-3ubuntu1                    compression library - development
bash#


8/ Upgrade a package to the latest available version

bash# sudo apt-get install phpmyadmin
Reading package lists... Done
Building dependency tree
Reading state information... Done
phpmyadmin is already the newest version.
0 upgraded, 0 newly installed, 0 to remove and 70 not upgraded.
bash#


9/ Upgrade ALL installed packages

bash#  sudo apt-get upgrade
Reading package lists... Done
Building dependency tree
Reading state information... Done
The following packages have been kept back:
  linux-generic linux-headers-generic linux-image-generic
The following packages will be upgraded:
  apache2 apache2-mpm-prefork apache2-utils apache2.2-bin apache2.2-common apparmor apparmor-utils bind9-host bsdutils dnsutils dpkg fuse-utils icedtea-6-jre-cacao ifupdown language-pack-en
  language-pack-gnome-en libapparmor-perl libapparmor1 libaprutil1 libaprutil1-dbd-sqlite3 libaprutil1-ldap libbind9-60 libblkid1 libc-bin libc-dev-bin libc6 libc6-dev libcups2 libdbus-1-3
  libdns66 libfuse2 libgssapi-krb5-2 libisc60 libisccc60 libisccfg60 libk5crypto3 libkrb5-3 libkrb5support0 liblcms1 libldap-2.4-2 liblwres60 libparted0debian1 libsqlite3-0 libsvn1 libudev0
  libuuid1 linux-firmware linux-libc-dev mount openjdk-6-jre openjdk-6-jre-headless openjdk-6-jre-lib openssh-client openssh-server openssl parted python python-apt python-minimal subversion
  sudo tar udev update-manager-core upstart util-linux uuid-runtime
67 upgraded, 0 newly installed, 0 to remove and 3 not upgraded.
Need to get 70.4MB of archives.
After this operation, 705kB of additional disk space will be used.
Do you want to continue [Y/n]? n
Abort.
bash#


10/ Uninstall, Remove, Delete, Suppress, Deinstall a specific package

bash# sudo apt-get remove phpmyadmin
Reading package lists... Done
Building dependency tree
Reading state information... Done
The following packages were automatically installed and are no longer required:
  dbconfig-common php5-gd libmcrypt4 libt1-5 libgd2-xpm php5-mcrypt wwwconfig-common javascript-common libjs-mootools
Use 'apt-get autoremove' to remove them.
The following packages will be REMOVED:
  phpmyadmin
0 upgraded, 0 newly installed, 1 to remove and 70 not upgraded.
After this operation, 17.7MB disk space will be freed.
Do you want to continue [Y/n]? y
(Reading database ... 64951 files and directories currently installed.)
Removing phpmyadmin ...
dbconfig-common: dumping mysql database phpmyadmin to /var/tmp/phpmyadmin.phpmyadmin.2011-02-02-13.59.mysql.j7Tl3H.
error encountered dumping database:
mysqldump: Got error: 1049: Unknown database 'phpmyadmin' when selecting the database
dbconfig-common: phpmyadmin remove: retrying.
dbconfig-common: writing config to /etc/dbconfig-common/phpmyadmin.conf
granting access to database phpmyadmin for phpmyadmin@localhost: failed.
error encountered creating user:
mysql said: ERROR 1044 (42000) at line 1: Access denied for user 'phpmyadmin'@'localhost' to database 'phpmyadmin'
dbconfig-common: phpmyadmin reconfigure: ignoring errors from here forwards
populating database via sql...  done.
dbconfig-common: flushing administrative password
dbconfig-common: dropping mysql database phpmyadmin.
Processing triggers for man-db ...
bash#


11/ Help on the commands used above

bash# apt-get help
apt 0.8.3ubuntu7 for amd64 compiled on Oct  5 2010 14:14:04
Usage: apt-get [options] command
       apt-get [options] install|remove pkg1 [pkg2 ...]
       apt-get [options] source pkg1 [pkg2 ...]

apt-get is a simple command line interface for downloading and
installing packages. The most frequently used commands are update
and install.

Commands:
   update - Retrieve new lists of packages
   upgrade - Perform an upgrade
   install - Install new packages (pkg is libc6 not libc6.deb)
   remove - Remove packages
   autoremove - Remove automatically all unused packages
   purge - Remove packages and config files
   source - Download source archives
   build-dep - Configure build-dependencies for source packages
   dist-upgrade - Distribution upgrade, see apt-get(8)
   dselect-upgrade - Follow dselect selections
   clean - Erase downloaded archive files
   autoclean - Erase old downloaded archive files
   check - Verify that there are no broken dependencies
   markauto - Mark the given packages as automatically installed
   unmarkauto - Mark the given packages as manually installed

Options:
  -h  This help text.
  -q  Loggable output - no progress indicator
  -qq No output except for errors
  -d  Download only - do NOT install or unpack archives
  -s  No-act. Perform ordering simulation
  -y  Assume Yes to all queries and do not prompt
  -f  Attempt to correct a system with broken dependencies in place
  -m  Attempt to continue if archives are unlocatable
  -u  Show a list of upgraded packages as well
  -b  Build the source package after fetching it
  -V  Show verbose version numbers
  -c=? Read this configuration file
  -o=? Set an arbitrary configuration option, eg -o dir::cache=/tmp
See the apt-get(8), sources.list(5) and apt.conf(5) manual
pages for more information and options.
                       This APT has Super Cow Powers.
bash#
bash# dpkg --help
Usage: dpkg [<option> ...] <command>

Commands:
  -i|--install       <.deb file name> ... | -R|--recursive <directory> ...
  --unpack           <.deb file name> ... | -R|--recursive <directory> ...
  -A|--record-avail  <.deb file name> ... | -R|--recursive <directory> ...
  --configure        <package> ... | -a|--pending
  --triggers-only    <package> ... | -a|--pending
  -r|--remove        <package> ... | -a|--pending
  -P|--purge         <package> ... | -a|--pending
  --get-selections [<pattern> ...] Get list of selections to stdout.
  --set-selections                 Set package selections from stdin.
  --clear-selections               Deselect every non-essential package.
  --update-avail <Packages-file>   Replace available packages info.
  --merge-avail <Packages-file>    Merge with info from file.
  --clear-avail                    Erase existing available info.
  --forget-old-unavail             Forget uninstalled unavailable pkgs.
  -s|--status <package> ...        Display package status details.
  -p|--print-avail <package> ...   Display available version details.
  -L|--listfiles <package> ...     List files `owned' by package(s).
  -l|--list [<pattern> ...]        List packages concisely.
  -S|--search <pattern> ...        Find package(s) owning file(s).
  -C|--audit                       Check for broken package(s).
  --print-architecture             Print dpkg architecture.
  --compare-versions <a> <op> <b>  Compare version numbers - see below.
  --force-help                     Show help on forcing.
  -Dh|--debug=help                 Show help on debugging.

  -h|--help                        Show this help message.
  --version                        Show the version.

Use dpkg -b|--build|-c|--contents|-e|--control|-I|--info|-f|--field|
 -x|--extract|-X|--vextract|--fsys-tarfile  on archives (type dpkg-deb --help).

For internal use: dpkg --assert-support-predepends | --predep-package |
  --assert-working-epoch | --assert-long-filenames | --assert-multi-conrep.

Options:
  --admindir=<directory>     Use <directory> instead of /var/lib/dpkg.
  --root=<directory>         Install on a different root directory.
  --instdir=<directory>      Change installation dir without changing admin dir.
  --path-exclude=<pattern>   Do not install paths which match a shell pattern.
  --path-include=<pattern>   Re-include a pattern after a previous exclusion.
  -O|--selected-only         Skip packages not selected for install/upgrade.
  -E|--skip-same-version     Skip packages whose same version is installed.
  -G|--refuse-downgrade      Skip packages with earlier version than installed.
  -B|--auto-deconfigure      Install even if it would break some other package.
  --[no-]triggers            Skip or force consequential trigger processing.
  --no-debsig                Do not try to verify package signatures.
  --no-act|--dry-run|--simulate
                             Just say what we would do - don't do it.
  -D|--debug=<octal>         Enable debugging (see -Dhelp or --debug=help).
  --status-fd <n>            Send status change updates to file descriptor <n>.
  --log=<filename>           Log status changes and actions to <filename>.
  --ignore-depends=<package>,...
                             Ignore dependencies involving <package>.
  --force-...                Override problems (see --force-help).
  --no-force-...|--refuse-...
                             Stop when problems encountered.
  --abort-after <n>          Abort after encountering <n> errors.

Comparison operators for --compare-versions are:
  lt le eq ne ge gt       (treat empty version as earlier than any version);
  lt-nl le-nl ge-nl gt-nl (treat empty version as later than any version);
  < << <= = >= >> >       (only for compatibility with control file syntax).

Use `dselect' or `aptitude' for user-friendly package management.
bash#
bash# apt-cache --help
apt 0.8.3ubuntu7 for amd64 compiled on Oct  5 2010 14:14:01
Usage: apt-cache [options] command
       apt-cache [options] add file1 [file2 ...]
       apt-cache [options] showpkg pkg1 [pkg2 ...]
       apt-cache [options] showsrc pkg1 [pkg2 ...]

apt-cache is a low-level tool used to manipulate APT's binary
cache files, and query information from them

Commands:
   add - Add a package file to the source cache
   gencaches - Build both the package and source cache
   showpkg - Show some general information for a single package
   showsrc - Show source records
   stats - Show some basic statistics
   dump - Show the entire file in a terse form
   dumpavail - Print an available file to stdout
   unmet - Show unmet dependencies
   search - Search the package list for a regex pattern
   show - Show a readable record for the package
   showauto - Display a list of automatically installed packages
   depends - Show raw dependency information for a package
   rdepends - Show reverse dependency information for a package
   pkgnames - List the names of all packages in the system
   dotty - Generate package graphs for GraphViz
   xvcg - Generate package graphs for xvcg
   policy - Show policy settings

Options:
  -h   This help text.
  -p=? The package cache.
  -s=? The source cache.
  -q   Disable progress indicator.
  -i   Show only important deps for the unmet command.
  -c=? Read this configuration file
  -o=? Set an arbitrary configuration option, eg -o dir::cache=/tmp
See the apt-cache(8) and apt.conf(5) manual pages for more information.
bash#

Changing the timezone on a Ubuntu server

Wednesday, March 10th, 2010
bash# sudo dpkg-reconfigure tzdata

Then just follow the instructions on the screen to select your time zone.

While we’re at it, let’s sync the time with the atomic clock:

bash# sudo ntpdate pool.ntp.org
10 Mar 09:55:19 ntpdate[23121]: adjust time server 173.8.198.243 offset -0.009830 sec